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Flashcards in Endocrine Disorders Deck (112)
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1

Disease characterized by hypoactivity of thyroid gland.

Hypothyroidism

2

(Increase, decrease) Calcium in Hypothyroidism

Decreased

3

Signs and symptoms of Hypothyroidism

Weight gain
retarded growth
Bradycardia
Sensitivity to cold temperature

4

Reason why there is weight gain in hypothyroidism

Decreased catabolic rate

5

Reason why there is bradycardia in hypothyroidism

decreased metabolism due to decreasedoxygen demand

6

Clinical manifestations of Hypothyroidism

Myxedema
Cretenism
Hashimoto's disease

7

Form of hypothyroidism in adult

Myxedema

8

Form of hypothyroidism in children

Cretenism

9

Oral finding in cretenism

Macroglossia
Prolonged retention of primary teeth

10

end of primary dentition

12 years old

11

An autoimmune disease that attacks the thyroid

Hashimoto's thyroiditis

12

Hashimoto is associated with?

High blood cholesterol
Positive nitrogen balance
Decreased protein bound iodine
Decreased iodine uptake by the thyroid gland

13

Most common hypothyroidism

Hashimoto's thyroiditis

14

Disease characterized by hyperactivity of thyroid gland

Hyperthyroidism

15

Signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism

Weight loss
Irritability
nervousness
tremors

16

Most common sign of hyperthyroidism

Exophthalmus

17

Oral finding of hyperthyroidism

Early loss of primary teeth

18

What is a tremor?

uncontrolled muscle activity

19

Reason why there is early loss of primary teeth

decreased bone support

20

Clinical manifestation of Hyperthyroidism

Grave's disease
Plummer disease

21

Autoimmune disease of which antibodies bind to TSH receptors

Grave's disease

22

Complication of grave's disease

Pre-tibial myxedema

23

Disease with nodular growth or adenoma of the thyroid

Plummer disease

24

most contraindicated in hyperthyroidism

Epinephrine

25

Reason why epinephrine is contraindicated in px with hyperthyroidism

Thyrotoxicosis

26

A condition in which one or more of the parathyroid glands become overactive and secretes too much PTH

Hyperparathyroidism

27

Hyperparathyroidism causes?

Cystic bone lesion
Nephrocalcinosis
Metastatic calcifications

28

Other name of hyperparathyroidism

Von recklinghausen's disease of the bone

29

Other name for cystic bone lesion

Central giant cell granuloma

30

Central giant cell granuloma is associated with?

Ameloblastoma