Flashcards in Cardiovascular disease Deck (95)
What are some Cardiovascular diseases
Acute bacterial endocarditis (ABE)
Subacute bacterial endocarditis (SBE)
Ischemic heart disease
Coronary artery disease
Congestive Heart failure
Tetralogy of fallot
Etiology of ABE
occurs during IV drugs without asepsis
Causative agent of ABE
Affected site of ABE
Disadvantage of having ABE
Differences between Asepsis, Disinfection and Sterilization
Asepsis - kill certain microorganism in living tissue
Disinfection- kill certain microorganism in non-living things
Sterilization- killing all microorganism
Layer of heart affected by ABE
Normal bacteria of skin
What must be done in patient with endocarditis that needs dental treatment?
ABE with fever on the day of tx: Prophylactic antibiotic 30mins to 1 hour before tx
ABE without fever: No prophylactic antibiotic
Prophylactic antibiotic for patient with endocarditis.
Etiology of SBE
Occurs during dental procedure
Causative agent of SBE
Affected site of SBE
The hallmark of endocarditis
Cardiovascular disease caused by formation of plaques in vessels
Risk factors for atherosclerosis
Plaque in blood vessel means?
Accumulation of LDL or triglycerides
Less prone to heart disease
Action of alcohol in blood vessel
Does menopause causes atherosclerosis?
It is the most common consequence of CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE
Ischemic Heart disease
Clinical sign of Ischemic heart disease
Angina pectoris is due to?
Type of angina seen in coronary artery disease and atherosclerosis but for healthy patient it is due to exertion or heavy exercise.
Type of angina due to severe coronary artery disease or oncoming MI.
Patient feels chest pain even at rest
Type of angina due to vasosoasm that the patient feels intermittent chest pain
Drugs used to treat Ischemic heart disease
Nitroglycerine (Glycerine trinitrate)
Ca channel blockers
Amyl nitrate "poppers" through inhakation
Drug prescribed by dentist to treat angina