Cardiovascular disease Flashcards Preview

Dental Boards Review > Cardiovascular disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cardiovascular disease Deck (95)
Loading flashcards...
1

What are some Cardiovascular diseases

Acute bacterial endocarditis (ABE)
Subacute bacterial endocarditis (SBE)
Athrosclerosis
Ischemic heart disease
Coronary artery disease
Myocardial infarction
Congestive Heart failure
Valvular disease
Rheumatic fever
Cardiac tamponade
Tetralogy of fallot

2

Etiology of ABE

occurs during IV drugs without asepsis

3

Causative agent of ABE

Staphylococcus aureus

4

Affected site of ABE

Tricuspid valve

5

Disadvantage of having ABE

Reccurs

6

Differences between Asepsis, Disinfection and Sterilization

Asepsis - kill certain microorganism in living tissue
Disinfection- kill certain microorganism in non-living things
Sterilization- killing all microorganism

7

Layer of heart affected by ABE

Endocardium

8

Normal bacteria of skin

S. aureus

9

What must be done in patient with endocarditis that needs dental treatment?

ABE with fever on the day of tx: Prophylactic antibiotic 30mins to 1 hour before tx
ABE without fever: No prophylactic antibiotic

10

Prophylactic antibiotic for patient with endocarditis.

Amoxicillin 1-2g
Clindamycin- 600mg

11

Etiology of SBE

Occurs during dental procedure

12

Causative agent of SBE

Streptococcus veredans
Alpha-hemolytic streptococcus

13

Affected site of SBE

Mitral valve

14

The hallmark of endocarditis

FEVER

15

Cardiovascular disease caused by formation of plaques in vessels

Atherosclerosis (Atheroma)

16

Risk factors for atherosclerosis

Smoking
Hypertension
DM
Nephrosclerosis

17

Plaque in blood vessel means?

Accumulation of LDL or triglycerides

18

Less prone to heart disease

Acoholism

19

Action of alcohol in blood vessel

Vasodilation

20

Does menopause causes atherosclerosis?

No

21

It is the most common consequence of CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE

Ischemic Heart disease

22

Clinical sign of Ischemic heart disease

Angina pectoris

23

Angina pectoris is due to?

Vasoconstrcition

24

Type of angina seen in coronary artery disease and atherosclerosis but for healthy patient it is due to exertion or heavy exercise.

STABLE ANGINA

25

Type of angina due to severe coronary artery disease or oncoming MI.

UNSTABLE angina

26

Patient feels chest pain even at rest

Unstable angina

27

Type of angina due to vasosoasm that the patient feels intermittent chest pain

Variant (Pritzmetal)

28

Drugs used to treat Ischemic heart disease

Nitroglycerine (Glycerine trinitrate)
Ca channel blockers
Beta blockers
Amyl nitrate "poppers" through inhakation

29

Drug prescribed by dentist to treat angina

Nitrogycerine

30

onset of Nitroglycerine

Sublingual within 5 minutes