Flashcards in Urinary system Deck (79)
Main organ in urinary system
The functional unit of kidney
Each kidney contains how many nephrons?
Kidney contains how many lobes and segments?
8-18 lobes and 5 segments
The kidneys are located in retroperitoneal at level of?
T-12 - L3
It is the gateway of the kidneys
structures that passes through renal hilum
Renal artery, vein
Blood supply of Kidneys
Renal artery is a branch of what artery?
Superior mesenteric artery
Renal corpuscles is composed of?
Glomerulus and Bowman's compose
The site of blood filtration that contains mesangial cells
This measures the proper functioning of kidneys
Glomerular filtration rate (GFR)
GFR is measured by?
Amount of Innulin and Manitol in urine
Amount of GFR per minute ____
per day ____
per minute: 120-125mL
per day : 170,000 - 180,000 mL
The entrance and exit of kidneys
Enlarge diameter of efferent means?
less waste, less filtration
Increase Innulin means?
Proteins that will measure GFR
Innulin and Mannitol
It is the site of WATER FILTRATION that contains Podocytes.
Tubule that regulates the pH of filtration by exchanging Hydrogen ions and Bicarbonates.
Proximal tubule is line with
Simple cuboidal epithelium with Microvilli for absorption
Tubule that reabsorbs the GLUCOSE and AMINO ACIDS
Proximal convoluted tubule
Proximal convoluted tubule produces what to buffer the hydrogen ions?
2 buffering agent of kidney
Organ resistant to pH change
The amount of GLUCOSE filtered per day is
The amount of GLUCOSE excreted per day is
When the glucose is exceeds to 180 mg/dL, the PCT starts to excrete glucose, known as the
RENAL THRESHOLD FOR GLUCOSE (RTG)
Tubule that contains the highest OSMOLARITY
Loop of henle