Flashcards in Histology Deck (91)
The study of microanatomy of cells, tissues and organs
Units of measurements in microscopy
The father of Microscopic Anatomy and Histology
He discovered the microscope
It is the basic structural unit of life
Differences between prokaryotic and Eukaryotic
Prokaryotic- no true nucleus, found in bacteria, cell membrane not defined, Binary fission and contains one copy of each gene- Haploid
Eukaryotic- True nucleus, found in Animal, Plant, Fungi, and unicellular organisms, defined cell membrane, undergoes Meiosis and Mitosis
First growth phase of the cell
Dna synthesis where TWO sister chromatids are produced
Second growth phase of the cell
preparation or resting phase for MITOSIS
Majority of life cells are in what phase?
Phase where in chromosome condense and become visible "PAIR UP"
Phase where mitotic spindle apparatus forms at the opposite poles of the cell.
Mitotic spindle is made up of?
Phase where chromosome align at the equatrial plate and held in place by microtubules.
Phase where sister chromatids and centromere separate and move toward the oppsite poles
phase when daughter chromosomes arrive at the poles and microtubules disappear.
Phase where the last stage of Mitosis when there is Cleavage furrow
Chromosome with shorter arm
Chromosome with longer arm
Pat of a cell that is made up of semi-permeable phospholipid bilayer
Cell membrane is also known as
Plasma membrane / Cytoplasmic membrane
The major constituents of cell membrane
Lipid and Proteins
The major Non-Phospholipid constituent of cell membrane
The fluid found inside the cell where organelles are suspended
These are tiny cellular structures that perform specific functions within a cell and are embedded within the cytoplasm
A double membrane organelle containing the genetic information carried by DNA
Contains RNA for ribosomal synthesis (rRNA)