Gastrointestinal and Hepatobiliary Diseases Flashcards Preview

Dental Boards Review > Gastrointestinal and Hepatobiliary Diseases > Flashcards

Flashcards in Gastrointestinal and Hepatobiliary Diseases Deck (101)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is a syndrome?

Collection of disease

2

any harmful deviation from the normal structural or functional state of an organism, generally associated with certain signs and symptoms

Disease

3

autoimmune disease of the salivary, lacrimal glands, and synovial membrane

Sjogren syndrome

4

Sjogren triad

Xerostomia
Keratoconjunctivitis sicca
Rheumatoid arthritis

5

Other name of sjogren syndrome

Sicca syndrome

6

Cell responsible for an autoimmune disease

T-cell

7

Main cause of an autoimmune disease

Stress

8

Organs affected in sicca syndrome

Salivary gland
Eyes
Joint

9

What are the signs and symptoms of Reiter's syndrome?

Arthritis
Conjunctivitis
Urethritis

10

What are the signs and symptoms of Mikulicz syndrome?

Conjunctivitis
Xerostomia

11

Difference between Reiter's and Sicca syndrome?

Sicca affects: Eyes, Joints, Salivary gland while
Reiter's affects: Eyes, Joints and Urethra

12

True or false: Sjogren's syndrome is also associated with mikulicz syndrome.

True

13

Syndromes associated with sicca syndrome

Reiter's syndrome
Mikulicz syndrome

14

A benign tumor of the PAROTID GLAND

Warthin's tumor

15

Other name of warthin's tumor

Papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum

16

Major salivary gland common to diseases

Parotid gland

17

Most common salivary gland tumor

Mixed tumor

18

Other name of mixed tumor

Pleomorphic adenoma

19

most common malignancy of major salivary glands

Mucoepidermoid carcinoma

20

most common malignancy of minor salivary gland

Adenoid cystic carcinoma

21

Histologic feature of adenoid cystic carcinoma

Cheese-like

22

Characterized by lacerations of the esophagus

Mallory-weiss syndrome

23

Manifestation of mallory-weiss syndrome

Melena

24

Black stool in the blood is due to?

Degradation of blood by acid

25

Bleeding below the stomach would manifest?

Hematochezia

26

Melena-
hematochezia-

Melena- black stool
Hematochezia- red stool

27

T/F: Melena and Hematochezia solidifies together with stool

False- does not solidify

28

syndrome where there is ruptured esophagus that causes massive GI hemorrhage

Boerhaave syndrome

29

Sign and symptoms of boerhaave syndrome

Sever vomiting
Straining

30

A reflux of acid content due to histamine released of the stomach.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease