Musculo-Skeletal Diseases Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Musculo-Skeletal Diseases Deck (105)
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1

Diseased where there is decreased in bone mass due to a change in serum calcium or phosphorus or Vitamin D anddecreased estrogen.

Osteoporosis

2

This is the most common cause of fracture in patients older than 60 years old.

Osteoporosis

3

Disease where there is increased in bone mass chracterized by a failure of osteoclast to resorb the bone

Osteopetrosis

4

Radiographic appearance of Osteopetrosis

Ground-glass

5

Disease that results in failure of new bone to mineralize.

Vitamin D deficiency

6

Causes of vitamin D deficiency

Decreased dietary phosphate intake
Malabsorption of fats
Decreased sunlight exposure
Kidney failure

7

Vitamin D deficiency in children

RICKETS

8

Pathognomonic/ radiographic sign of rickets

Rachitic rosary or Pectus carinatum or pigeon chest

9

Oral manifestation of rickets

Delayed in eruption and abdnormal dentin

10

Vitamin deficiency in adult who are 50 years old and above

Osteomalacia

11

Disease caused by defective formation of collagen I

Osteogenesis imperfecta

12

Oral manifestation of Oesteogenesis imperfecta

Dentinogenesis imperfecta I

13

Pathognomonic sign of osteogenesis imperfecta

Blue sclera

14

Reason for a blue sclera in OI

Lack of collagen type I causing reflection of the back of the eye to appear

15

Disease characterized by abnormal bone remodeling leading to distortion of bone architecture and cancer of the bone.

Paget's disease

16

Disease common to blindness and deafness and px complains of "I CAN'T WEAR MY HAT"

Paget's disease

17

Primary disease of Paget's disease

Leontiassis ossea

18

Laboratory finding in Paget's disease

Increased serum alkaline phosphatase

19

Increased serum acid phosphatase

prostate cancer

20

Radiographic appearance of Paget's disease

Cotton wool appearance

21

Histologic appearance of Paget's disease

Jigsaw-puzzle appearance
Mossaic pattern

22

cancer of the bone

Osteosarcoma

23

Systemic condition that requires annual relining of denture base

Paget's disease

24

Bone (head to toe) most commonly affected by Paget

Pelvis
Spine

25

Bone in the head and neck most commonly affected by Paget's

Maxilla

26

Inflammation process of the entire bone, including the cortex and the periosteum recognizing that the pathological process is rarely confined to endosteum

Osteomyelitis

27

Causative agent of osteomyelitis

S. aureus

28

Best antibiotic highly concentrated in bone than in serum

Clindamycin

29

Treatment for Osteomyelitis

Clindamycin

30

Types of Osetomyelitis

Acute suppurative osteomyelitis
Chronic suppurative osteomyelitis
Chronic focal sclerosing osteomyelitis
Chronic diffuse sclerosing osteomyelitis
Garre's chronic non-suppurative sclerosing osteitis