Flashcards in Musculo-Skeletal Diseases Deck (105)
Diseased where there is decreased in bone mass due to a change in serum calcium or phosphorus or Vitamin D anddecreased estrogen.
This is the most common cause of fracture in patients older than 60 years old.
Disease where there is increased in bone mass chracterized by a failure of osteoclast to resorb the bone
Radiographic appearance of Osteopetrosis
Disease that results in failure of new bone to mineralize.
Vitamin D deficiency
Causes of vitamin D deficiency
Decreased dietary phosphate intake
Malabsorption of fats
Decreased sunlight exposure
Vitamin D deficiency in children
Pathognomonic/ radiographic sign of rickets
Rachitic rosary or Pectus carinatum or pigeon chest
Oral manifestation of rickets
Delayed in eruption and abdnormal dentin
Vitamin deficiency in adult who are 50 years old and above
Disease caused by defective formation of collagen I
Oral manifestation of Oesteogenesis imperfecta
Dentinogenesis imperfecta I
Pathognomonic sign of osteogenesis imperfecta
Reason for a blue sclera in OI
Lack of collagen type I causing reflection of the back of the eye to appear
Disease characterized by abnormal bone remodeling leading to distortion of bone architecture and cancer of the bone.
Disease common to blindness and deafness and px complains of "I CAN'T WEAR MY HAT"
Primary disease of Paget's disease
Laboratory finding in Paget's disease
Increased serum alkaline phosphatase
Increased serum acid phosphatase
Radiographic appearance of Paget's disease
Cotton wool appearance
Histologic appearance of Paget's disease
cancer of the bone
Systemic condition that requires annual relining of denture base
Bone (head to toe) most commonly affected by Paget
Bone in the head and neck most commonly affected by Paget's
Inflammation process of the entire bone, including the cortex and the periosteum recognizing that the pathological process is rarely confined to endosteum
Causative agent of osteomyelitis
Best antibiotic highly concentrated in bone than in serum
Treatment for Osteomyelitis