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Flashcards in General Pathology Deck (80)
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1

It is when there is excessive physiologic stress

Cellular adaptation

2

Decreased in the size and function of the cell

Atrophy

3

Absence or failure of the cell to develop

Aplasia

4

Increased in the SIZE of a cell

Hypertrophy

5

Increased in the Number of cells

Hyperplasia

6

A change of one differentiated type of cells t another

Metaplasia

7

An alteration in size, shape, and organization of the cellular components of a tissue

Dysplasia

8

It is the hallmark of MALIGNANCY

Anaplasia

9

Organ that physiologically undergoes hypertrophy

Skeletal muscle

10

Organ that physiologically undergoes hyperplasia

Uterus

11

Organ that pathologically undergoes hypertrophy

Heart

12

structures that patholologically undergoes hyperplasia

kidney
gingiva

13

Loss of function leads to?

Atrophy

14

loss of blood oxygen supply leads to

ischemia

15

Organs sensitive to chronic ischemia

Brain
Heart

16

Barrett's esophagus and Smoker's lungs are types of what cellular adaptation

Metaplasia

17

Barrett's esophagus is associated with what GI disease?

GERD

18

Epithelial changes in Barrett's esophagus

Squamous cell to columnar

19

Epithelial changes in Smoker's lung

Columnar cells to squamous

20

Most common cancer in the esophagus

Adenocarcinoma

21

Most common cancer in the lungs

Squamous cell carcinoma

22

this cellular adaptation indicates PRE-MALIGNANCY lesion

Dysplasia

23

What are the irritants in a cigarette?

Nicotine
Tar
Benzopyrenes

24

What causes cancer in the smoker's lung?

Benzopyrenes

25

What causes addiction in a cigar?

Nicotine

26

Theory that states there is an induction of chemical carcinogens in the body causing deletion of the normal cells.

Deletion Theory

27

Types of cell injury that regenerate with or without injury.

LABILE

28

Types of cell injury that regenerate with injury.

STABLE

29

Types of cell injury that will not regenerate if injured

PERMANENT

30

Types of Labile cells

Epithelium
Urinary cell
Hematopoietic tissue