Kevin’s Cards about the Sumerian, Egyptian, Indus, and Chinese Civilizations Flashcards Preview

Kevin Jimbi K12 Homeschool > Kevin’s Cards about the Sumerian, Egyptian, Indus, and Chinese Civilizations > Flashcards

Flashcards in Kevin’s Cards about the Sumerian, Egyptian, Indus, and Chinese Civilizations Deck (52)
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What did the Assyrians do

The Assyrians built yet another empire about at 1300 B.C. in northern Mesopotamia


What did the Persians do

The Persians managed to put together a mighty empire that stretched across the Middle East. By then it was 525 B.C.


In ancient Sumer, people built huge temples for the gods, while in Egypt they erected monumental tombs for their rulers. What were these two buildings called

Ziggurats and Pyramids


What did the farmers in India do

They cultivated cotton


What did the Chinese do

They unraveled the mystery of silk


Each civilization created their own form of what



What kind of writing existed in Sumer, Egypt, and China

Sumer has cuneiform, Egypt has hieroglyphics, and China has calligraphy


Each culture developed noteworthy such as what

Ziggurats, pyramids, and walled cities


Governments were another fruit of the first civilizations. What did the Governments do

Powerful kings organized workers, divided the labor, and directed big projects. They said when to plant or harvest, and where to dig canals


As cities grew and empires spread, more and more people came into contact with each other. What did rulers do with this

Rulers and their governments created laws to control and protect the people. They used armies to enforce their laws and their will


What was Egyptian clothing made up of

Egyptian clothing was made of linen, woven from flax


Ideas are among the most important what

Fruits of any civilization


The ram served as what

The ram served as a beast of burden


How did people get a surplus of food

People gradually got better at planting and growing crops. They invented plows, spades, and hoes to improve agriculture. With such advances, farmers could grow more food than their families could eat.


How did people get a division of labor

Because there was a surplus of food, some men and women were free to do other special jobs. They could dig canals, make pots or build houses. Everyone did something important, but not everyone had to do the same thing


How did people build cities

With more and more people living closer together- to be near crops or herds- first villages and then cities began to appear. And with the building of cities, we can truly say that “civilization” had begun


What did rivers provide

Irrigation, flooding left fertile soil, irrigation increased surplus, trade routes, and drinking water


Where did most early agriculture take place

In rain watered lands


What are rain watered lands

Lands that had enough regular rainfall to grow crops without irrigation


What is more dependable: Agriculture with irrigation or rain

Producing food with irrigation was more dependable than producing food with rain since people in river valleys could count on the rivers to flood


Who developed a civilization on the island of Crete

The Minoans


What did the rulers, priests, and scribes oversee

The building of Egyptian pyramids, Chinese mulberry groves, and the construction of the streets and sewer system in Mohenjo - Daro

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