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Flashcards in Kevin’s Cars about the Indus River Valley Civilization Deck (25)
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What is home to the planned cities along to Indus River Valley and the remarkable subcontinent to its south

Ancient India


Along the banks of the Indus River, city-builders were at work by what year

2500 B.C.


How much do we know about the Indus River Valley

We know little about the Indus Valley civilization, but what we do know makes us eager


The Early inhabitants of the Indus Valley did what

Planned cities with grid-like streets, developed sophisticated water systems, and built large buildings. They invented a complex system of writing, which that scholars are yet to understand. By 2500 B.C., this Indus Valley civilization was flourishing. By 1500 B.C., it had declined, and the Indus Valley people themselves began mixing with others in the region


What countries does the Indian sub-continent contain

India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan


The Indian Sub-Continent is home to how many people

More than 1.5billion


What separates the Indian sub-continent from the rest of Asia

The Himalayas


The Ganges River flows into which Bay

The Bay of Bengal


The Indus River flows into which Sea

The Arabian Sea


What River gave India its name

The Indus River


How did the Indus River operate

Each year, when the warm spring sun melts the snow, water tumbles through the mountains passes. The River swells and flows towards the sea, repeating the familiar pattern of the Euphrates, Tigris, and the Nile. As the Indus River overflows its banks, it deposits alluvial soil-dark, rich silt - and turns the floodplain into fertile fields


By the 3rd millennium the soil allowed what to be possible

This rich soil made it possible for Indus Valley farmers to grow wheat barley, and a variety of fruits. Using simple irrigation canals, the farmers reaped even greater harvests


Did the people of the Indus River Valley domesticate animals

The people of the Indus, like the people of Mesopotamia, domesticated animals, many of them unique to the region. For plowing, farmers used zebu, cattle, pigs, sheep, goats, water buffalo, and perhaps elephants


For the first time in history those who tilled the soil grew what

Cotton and mastered the art of weaving its light weight, sturdy fibers


By studying excavations and artifacts what have we discovered

They discovered that members of this ancient society planned orderly cities, built intricate underground plumbing systems, and invented a complex type of writing that still puzzle us today


Until someone cracks the code to Indus writing system what won’t happen

Many of the secrets of this great civilization will remain hidden


The people of Indus came to produce what

A tough, light cloth that would be in demand throughout the ancient world


There broad streets straight and regular formed what

Nearly perfect grids


These neatly planned city blocks of the Indus ran in which directions

North, south, east, and west


What laid between the grid like streets

Narrow side streets wound between them, lined with solidly built brick houses of two stories or more


What else existed in the cities

Standardized systems of weights and other measures existed in the cities, including quite uniform brick sizes


Some of the early city-dwellers enjoyed what

Indoor baths


What did the residents of the Indus cities have that no other had

The residents of the Indus cities even had toilets connected by a system of drains and water chutes running beneath the streets- an amazing achievement in Urban planning for 2500 B.C.


While the people of Sumer invented the wheel, and people of Egypt gave us the sail, it seems that the people of the Indus were the first to have what

Indoor plumbing


Rising above the heart of Mohenjo-Daro was a circular mound topped with what

A 5-storied building. This was perhaps the center of government or religion