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Flashcards in Kevin’s Cards about The Egyptian Civilization Deck (112)
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1

Where did the Ancient Egyptian Civilization flourish

In the Nile River Valley

2

What did the Early Greek Historian Herodotus call Egypt

Herodotus called Egypt the gift of the Nile

3

How did flooding work in the Nile

Every year by late July, a month after the rainy season began in central Africa, huge amounts of water coursed down the Nile. As rain swelled the River, the Nile began to overflow its banks, flooding the parched length of land. This was usually a gentle rise-not as violent as the flooding along the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. For several weeks the Nile would cover the land with muddy water. When the River receded in September, it left behind a strip of rich, black soil several miles wide on each side

4

They were ruled by kings who claimed to be what

Gods

5

What were some of the Egyptians achievements

Egyptians built gigantic pyramids that still dazzle us, they recorded their lives in elaborate picture-writing, they pondered life after death, preserving the bodies of their dead as mummies and preparing them to journey to the afterlife

6

The Egyptians were the what of the greatest ancient civilizations

2nd

7

The Egyptian culture flourished for how long

More than 3,000 years, making it one of the longest-lived civilizations in all of history

8

In ancient Egypt everything began and ended with what

The Nile

9

What is the climate and ecosystem of Egypt like

Almost all of Egypt is desert- a dry, brown-red land where life struggles for a foothold.

10

What did the Egyptians call their environment

The Egyptians themselves called the forbidden desert, Deshert, meaning “red land”

11

What did Egyptians call their country

Egyptians called their country “Kemet”, which meant Black land, after this dark silty soil

12

What did Egyptians learn on the long strip of black land

On the long strip of land the Egyptians learned how to till and hoe the land and also harvest crops

13

What were the Egyptians irrigation process

Over the centuries, Egyptians harnessed the floodwaters of the Nile for irrigation. They learned to Chanel the precious water to holes called “catchment basins”, rationing it to their fields when needed. They also used ox-drawn plow, which helped them till their fields

14

What vegetation did Egyptians grow in the fertile, rich black soil

The Egyptians grew wheat for their bread and barley for their beer. Cattle, sheep, and goats fed on cereal chaff. Onions, beans, lentils, dates, figs, grapes, pomegranates, and flax to make linen

15

The Nile was also used as what for the Egyptians

The Nile was also a roadway the Egyptians used for trade and travel between the villages that sprang up along the River banks

16

When did Egyptians learn to make sailboats

By 3200 B.C. the Egyptians had learned to make sailboats and began to send trading vessels across the Mediterranean and the Red Sea

17

What is the Egyptian Capital

Memphis is the Egyptian Capital and became a major center of trade

18

What countries does the Nile (including the Blue and White Nile) run through

Uganda, Sudan, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, and Rwanda

19

Where did the Egyptians get Cedar

Lebanon

20

Where did the Egyptians get Juniper

Lebanon

21

Where did the Egyptians get Timber

Lebanon

22

Where did the Egyptians get Copper

Egypt

23

Where did the Egyptians get Silver

Syria

24

Where did the Egyptians get Gold

Sudan

25

Where did the Egyptians get Incense

Sudan

26

Where did the Egyptians get Lapis Lazuli

Afghanistan

27

Where did the Egyptians get Ebony

Sudan

28

Where did the Egyptians get Ivory

Sudan

29

Where did the Egyptians get Cattle

Sudan

30

Where did the Egyptians get Horses

Iraq