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Flashcards in Kevin’s Cards about Mesopotamia Deck (114)
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What were some things that were developed in Mesopotamia

Agriculture, a system of writing, the wheel, and written law


Since Prehistoric People didn’t leave any written records what did historians and archaeologists have to do

Prehistoric people didn’t leave any written records; therefore, archaeologists and historians must piece together information about the past.


What do historians and archaeologists study

They studied human fossils and artifacts such as tools, jewelry, or pottery


Are historians and archaeologists investigations exact

Their investigations aren’t exact but results are fascinating


History Definition

The study of change over time


Historians Definition

The people who study our human odyssey, who try to understand what happened what happened in the past and why


What are the 3 ways historians learn about the past

-By studying written records, such as letters, diaries, and books
-By looking at objects from the past, such as weapons, paintings, or tools (artifacts)
-By listening to “Oral Histories” spoken accounts by people who lived at that time


Evidence comes from which Latin words

Evidence comes from Latin words meaning, “What has been seen”


How are Historians and archaeologists similar and different

Historians and archaeologists both solve mysteries of ages past and they use evidence, clues from the past. But focus on different kinds of clues


What do Archaeologists do

Archaeologists are the diggers. They burrow down into the Earth’s surface and scientifically study artifacts. Artifacts are objects that people made and left behind such as tools, pots, jewelry, musical instruments, and remains of ancient buildings.


What are the 3 things a society must have to become a civilization

-They must have a surplus of food
-They must have a division of labor
-They must have built cities


What was the first clue to the mystery of Sumer

Old written stories about ancient peoples


Did the old stories lead straight to the Sumerians

It didn’t lead to them


Some of the old stories that were about who

The Babylonians


The Babylonians were named after what

Their greatest city Babylon


Where was Babylon built

It was built beside the Euphrates River


What was the 2nd clue to finding Sumer

Mysterious marks


What was the 3rd clue to finding Sumer

Tells and Tablets


What was the 4th clue to finding Sumer

A key to strange writing


What were all the clues to finding Sumer

Stories, writing, mounds containing the remains of cities, clay tablets, cities built upon cities, and various artifacts


Culture Definition

A people’s whole way of life


What does culture include

The things they do and the ideas that guide them


What are some aspects of culture

Habits and customs, their religion, education, their art and music, laws, ideas of right and wrong, and lessons at school, church, and communication


What were some things Sumerians learned that was ahead of their time

They figured out how to control the yearly flooding of the Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers. They built thick earth walls, or levees, to hold back the spring floods. They also dug canals to carry water to the fields in the fall and winter.


How did the Sumerians achieve all their advancements

By realizing they need to work together


Who and where was the wheel built

The wheel was invented in Sumer and Sumerians were excellent builders


Which materials did Sumer lack

Metals, minerals, tall trees, and stone


What is known as the earliest form of trade



What is Barter

Barter is the earliest form of trade and it is when you trade without money


For a time the what was the medium of change or currency