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Flashcards in Kevin's Cards about the Classification of Living Things Deck (30)
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1

Class Definition

A taxonomic category representing a group of similar or closely related orders

2

Classification Definition

The process of dividing things into groups according to their characteristics

3

Domain Definition

The highest level of taxonomic category for organisms, above the traditional category of kingdom

4

Family Definition

A taxonomic category representing a group of similar or closely related genera

5

Genus Definition

(plural: genera) A taxonomic category representing a group of similar or closely related
species

6

Kingdom Definition

The second highest level of taxonomic category for organisms, under domains, and above phyla or
divisions

7

Order Definition

A taxonomic category representing a group of similarly or closely related families

8

Phylum Definition

A taxonomic category representing a group of similarly or closely related classes

9

Species Definition

A taxonomic category representing a group of individual organisms that resemble one another closely and are able to interbreed

10

Taxonomy Definition

The science of naming and classifying organisms based on their natural relationships

11

Who created the first widely accepted way of classifying living things

Swedish scientist named Carolus Linnaeus

12

What did Carolus Linnaeus do

Linnaeus classified each organism into several groups and devised the modern system of scientific names

13

What is Carolus Linnaeus known as

He is sometimes called the "father of taxonomy"

14

What is "The Language of Classification"

Latin

15

Before Carolus Linnaeus scientist did what

Before Linnaeus, scientists often gave long, confusing Latin names to plants and animals

16

What was Carolus Linnaeus' system

In his system, a living thing is given a name made up of two Latin words

17

Which system was simpler

Carolus Linnaeus' system

18

Why did Linnaeus use Latin terms

In his time most scientists, no matter what language they spoke, wrote their scholarly works in Latin. Latin follows a strict set of grammatical rules - an advantage for scientific use. With Latin as a shared scholarly language, a French or Spanish scientist could understand the writings of a Swedish scientist (Communication)

19

What is the order of the Classification System

Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species

20

Where can you find the specific name of an animal

The second Latin name for each organism

21

Where can you find the genus of an animal

The first Latin name for each organism

22

Naming System Definition

A two-word name that describes a specific organism (Latin)

23

What do you call creative word ways to study

Mnemonic

24

What is Binominal Nomenclature

The system of nomenclature in which two terms are used to denote a species of living organism, the first one indicating the genus and the second the specific epithet

25

When writing an organisms Latin name what must you do

The first letter of the first word of the Latin name must be capitalized and the rest is lower case

26

What did scientists first think about organisms and kingdoms

They first thought that they only needed 2 kingdoms which were plants and animals

27

What changed scientists minds about 2 kingdoms

Advances in microscopes allowed closer study of individual cells, scientists discovered a more basic difference: the presence or absence of a cell nucleus, which divides life into eukaryotes (with a nucleus, like higher plants and animals) and prokaryotes (without a nucleus, like bacteria)

28

What was the main goal of Taxonomy at first

At first, the main goal of taxonomy was to name and classify organisms

29

What is now the main goal of Taxonomy. What changed the scientists minds

Scientists began to realize that life changes over time, taxonomy took on a new goal: describing the history of life

30

How was the classification system developed

In the past, the anatomy of existing organisms was compared to each other and to fossils of extinct organisms to find relationships