Kevin’s Cards about Animals and Species Flashcards Preview

Kevin Jimbi K12 Homeschool > Kevin’s Cards about Animals and Species > Flashcards

Flashcards in Kevin’s Cards about Animals and Species Deck (267)
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1

What are thought to be the most ancient life-forms on earth

Archaea

2

What are thought to have evolved before oxygen gas was substantial in earth’s atmosphere

Archaea

3

All kingdoms get energy from what

Organic and inorganic substances

4

Which phylum are sponges in

Phylum Porifera

5

How many species of sponges are there in the world and where do they live

There are about 9,000 species of sponges living in both freshwater and marine around the world

6

How many sponges live in freshwater

100

7

How are is the sponges movement

Sponges are sessile; they are anchored in one spot

8

How do sponges feed

Sponges feed by taking in water through the holes in the sides of their bodies and forcing it to flow out the top. By doing so, they strain out plankton and other small organisms, such as bacteria

9

How simple are sponges

Sponges are the simplest of animals and have no nerves or muscles

10

Osculum Definition

The opening at the top of the sponge through which water exits

11

Collar Cells Definition

The site of water movement and food capture

12

Epidermis Definition

The outer layer of cells and sponge

13

Pores Definition

Cells that are modified to allow water to pass into a sponge

14

Spongocoel Definition

The inside cavity of a sponge

15

What is a sponges gender

Most sponges are male and female at the same time

16

What reproductive substances do sponges produce

Sperm and eggs

17

How is sperm in sponges carried

By water currents

18

Where do eggs stay in a sponge

In the body of a sponge

19

What type of reproduction describes the union of sperm and eggs

Sexual Reproduction

20

How do sponges reproduce asexually

By budding

21

Where are flatworms found

Flatworms are thin, small, flat animals found on the bottom of lakes or in wet soil

22

How many species of flatworms are there

More than 18,000

23

Planarians are a type of what

Flatworm

24

Can a Planarian regenerate it parts

Yes

25

What reproduction substances does a Planarian produce

Eggs and sperm

26

What is the most important flatworm to humans

The tapeworm

27

What are tapeworms

Tapeworms are parasites that mostly live inside the bodies of vertebrates

28

Where do tapeworms attach themselves

Tapeworms attach themselves to the inside of an animal’s intestine and absorb nutrients

29

How do tapeworms spread

Tapeworms spread when someone when someone eats raw foods

30

Which animals are in the Cnidarians group

Cnidarians include jellyfish, anemones, and coral