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Flashcards in Kevin’s Card about Grammar 3 Deck (40)
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1

Prepositional Phrase Definition

A group of words that begins with a preposition (such as above, beyond, beside, up), ends with a noun or a pronoun, and is used as an adjective or adverb

2

What are the 2 types of prepositional phrases

Adjective phrase and Adverb phrase

3

Adjective Phrase Definition

A prepositional phrase that modifies a noun or pronoun

4

Adverb Phrase Definition

A prepositional phrase that is used mainly to modify a verb

5

Is an appositive phrase a prepositional phrase

No

6

Appositive Phrase Definition

A noun or pronoun that identifies or explains another noun or pronoun in a sentence

7

Infinitive Definition

Verb form that usually begins with to; used as a noun, adjective, or adverb

8

Infinitive Phrase Definition

An infinitive with its modifiers and complements working together as a noun, adjective, or adverb

9

Participle Phrase Definition

A participle joined with related words

10

Participle Definition

A verb form that is used as an adjective

11

Verbal Definition

A form of a verb that is used as another part of speech

12

Spatial Order Definition

Organizational pattern in which details are arranged according to place

13

Order of Importance Definition

Organizational pattern in which details are presented from least important to most important or from most to least

14

Logical Order Definition

Organizational pattern in which details are grouped together such as in comparison and contrast, where the similarities are grouped together

15

Clarity Definition

When writing has clarity, the author has taken care to a make it readable by using appropriate vocabulary and grammatically correct sentences. Clear writing is direct to the point

16

Unity Definition

Unity is when all of an essay’s paragraphs help support the thesis

17

Development Definition

Development isn’t present if questions are still to be answered and goes with clarity

18

Coherence Definition

Coherence refers to a smooth flow of ideas in paragraph that can be easily understood by the reader and is connected with unity

19

What are the 3 main types of irony in literature

Situational, Dramatic, and Verbal Irony

20

Situational Irony Definition

The term situational irony can be applied to moments in which what is expected to happen and what actually happens are very different

21

Dramatic Irony Definition

Dramatic irony occurs when readers or viewers know more about the events in the story than the characters living through them. It results in audiences having a better, fuller understanding of character’s words and actions than the characters themselves

22

Verbal Irony Definition

Verbal irony refers to the contradiction between what is said and what is meant. Verbal irony is often used to inject humor or poke at a situation (sarcasm)

23

Why do writers use Situational Irony

Writers use situational irony because by surprising the reader and subverting their expectations, situational irony can force readers to examine ideas and attitudes they might take for granted

24

Where is Dramatic Irony typically found

In texts, plays, and movies

25

Dramatic Irony allows readers to do what

Allows readers and audiences to fully grasp the problems characters face and the meanings of texts and films. It can build our sympathy or our antipathy for characters

26

Phrase Traits

- A phrase adds additional information to a sentence, making the sentence more details, interesting, or clear
- A phrase cannot stand alone as a sentence
- A phrase can contain either a noun or a verb, but not both

27

Clause Traits

- A clause is a group of words with both a subject and predicate
- A clause can sometimes stand alone as a sentence
- A clause is often part of a larger sentence

28

Independent Clause Traits

- They express a complete thought
- They can stand on their own as sentences

29

Subordinate Clause Traits

- They don’t express a complete thought
- They must be connected to an independant clause

30

What type of clause is an adverb clause

Subordinate Clause