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Flashcards in Ch 4 Deck (17)
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John Peter Zegner

- German American printer and journalist in New York City
-published NYWJ--> opposing gov William Cosy
-libel case against him
- defense attorney, Andrew Hamilton, argued that the jury itself was competent to decide the truth of Zenger’s printed statements
-victory for freedom of speech


Glorious Revolution

-brought about a demand for more rights in both England and its colonies with the constitutional monarchy of William and Mary.


John Locke

-Locke argued that people would support or reject governments if these governments protected their rights.


Middle Passage

-voyage slaves traveled from Africa to colonies


Stono Rebellion

-slaves in South Carolina rose up in 1739 to try to reach Spanish Florida
-ppl become scared


Salem Witch Trials

-caused by fear of Indian attacks, jealousy of the poor towards the prosperous, and the role of women in New England society
-20 were executed in 1692/executions were halted by colonial leaders in Massachusetts.


4 biggest cities

-Botson, Philadelphia, NY, Charleston
-Tremendous growth due to their roles as important centers of trade and culture for the colonies, especially lucrative was the trade between England and the British West Indies



-the colonies exist for the benefit of the mother country; a favorable balance of trade.


Navigation Acts

-raw materials from colonies would only go to England
-only on colonial/British ships


Triangular Trade

-system in which slaves, crops, and manufactured goods were traded between Africa, the Caribbean, and the American colonies
-resulted in legal and illegal loopholes in the system.


First Great Awakening

-a series of religious revivals led by Jonathan Edwards who “convinced many to convert to a new relationship with God, and George Whitefield who was an itinerant preacher spreading the word of God throughout the colonies
-RESULT: the creation of religious institutions such as Yale, Dartmouth, and Princeton


King William’s War and Queen Anne’s War

-With Native Americans such as the Iroquois’ involvement
- Native Americans in the Carolinas resisted white settlement with the British allying themselves with the Cherokee through trading of British goods.


War of Jenkin's Ear

-1739 England “dominated SpainA” in the Atlantic and the Caribbean


King George's War

- (1744–48), American phase of the War of the Austrian Succession, third and inconclusive struggle between France and Great Britain for mastery of the North American continent.
-Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748), mutually restoring conquered territory but failing to solve important colonial questions.


French and Indian War

-France’s expansion into the Ohio River valley brought repeated conflict with the claims of the British colonies,
-series of battles led to the official British declaration of war in 1756
-Spain joined France against England
-Treaty of Paris


Treaty of Paris

-ended French and Indian War
-French lose lots of land; British gains lots of land
-removing colonies' European rivals to the north and south and opening the Mississippi Valley to westward expansion
-sense of patriotism/independence
-colonial militias


Albany Plan of Union

- proposal to create a unified government for the Thirteen Colonies, suggested by Benjamin Franklin