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Flashcards in Ch. 12 Deck (12)
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1

Great Famine of 1845-1850

- potato blight in Ireland that caused mass starvation and immigration to the US
-causes→ rapid growth of poor ppl; policies that made most ppl dependent on a single crop (potatoes)
-plant fungus
-starvation
-British policies that forced the Irish Catholics to labor for Protestant landowners

2

Know Nothing Party

-Anti-immigrant group called the Native American Association was founded in 1837→ by 1845 became a political party known as the Know Nothing Party
-due to the fact when members asked about the party, they were told to say “I know nothing.”
-was formed from the wreckage of the Whig Party and some disaffected Northern democrats in 1854
-anti catholic; anti immigrant

3

Chinese immigration

-due to the lure of work and opportunity
-Anti-Chinese sentiments in the 1850s
-Chinese labored to build the nation’s first transcontinental railroad

4

Irish immigration

-“Irish Potato Famine” 2 million came
-Work in urban communities(NYC & Boston)
-Growth of the Catholic Church in America

5

Slavery

-outcries form northern abolitionists
-justification of slavery in creative ways
-increased criticism of northern industrial wage labor system
-Rising importance of slavery led to better care of slaves due to their being a valuable investment: improved living conditions, dietary rations, and working hours

6

“The Cruelty of Slavery”

-Family(nuclear or extended) was vital as a means for a slave’s emotional well-being
-The role of the Underground Railroad and “conductors”
-Notable runaways: Henry Highland Garnet, Frederick Douglass, and Harriet Tubman
-fear of slave revolts

7

Seneca Falls Convention

-the start of the Women’s Rights Movement in the US in 1848
-Sarah Grimke; Elizabeth Cady Stanton; Lucretia Mott
-held in upstate NY
-The convention generated more attention-mostly negative but some positive- than expected

8

Women's rights

-higher education
-right of women to control property and right to obtain divorce
-Black women were reluctant to join various integrated societies since white women tended to dominate them.
-Abigail Adams; Sarah Grimke

9

Committees of Vigilance

-Also known as vigilantes, groups of people who took on extra legal means to assert law and order
-members of the groups delivered public whippings and lynched ppl they didn’t like, whether or not a crime had been committed.
-Kangaroo courts (unauthorized and biased courts) and lynchings were all too common within and across all ethnic lines as traditional community relationships were destroyed by distance and greed
-CA= El Monte Boys

10

The Liberator

-a newspaper dedicated to the antislavery cause launched by William Lloyd Garrison in 1831, he said he would not back down to slavery

11

American Anti-Slavery Society

- Founded in Boston in 1833, the society was dedicated to the abolition of slavery
-William Lloyd Garrison
He contrasted Northern free labor to Southern slavery
-Oberlin abolitionism

12

Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions

-The resolutions passed at the Women’s Rights Convention at Seneca Falls in 1848 calling for full equality, including the right to vote, for women
-This document is seen as the opening statement of the women’s rights movement in the U.S.