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Flashcards in Ch. 13 Deck (14)
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1

Wilmot Proviso

-1846= Dem Congressman David Wilmot of Penn proposed amendment to military appropriations bill, prohibiting slavery in any territory acquired from mexico
-spring anger from Northern Democrats at what they was as pro-Southern tilt of Polk admin

2

Fugitive Slave Act

- designed to please the south by giving them the right to reclaim runaway slaves and demand federal and local Northern help in the process
-created new corps of fed agents to help capture runaway slaves
- can't help fugitive slaves
-hard to prove you were not a slave

3

“popular sovereignty”

- territorial residents would decide slavery's fate in the new states (not Congress)

4

Kansas Nebraska Act

-supported by southerners of both parties; passed in 1854; Pierce signed it
-Law passed in 1854 creating the Kansas and Nebraska territories but leaving the question of slavery open to local residents
-The pro-slavery Lecompton Constitution legalized slavery in Kansas.

5

Republican Party.

-party dedicated to stopping the spread of slavery in any place in the nation where it did not exist
-many former Whigs and members of smaller parties campaigned for office as Republicans-members of a brand new party-in the 1854 congressional elections
-Republicans, not the Whigs, would nominate candidates for president in 1856 and 1860

6

Bleeding Kansas

-4 year battle from 1854-1858 gave that name to kansas
-anti v pro slavery

7

Dred Scott vs. Sandford,

- brought by Dred Scott, a slave demanding his freedom based on his residence in a free state and a free territory with his master
-lost the first time, but on a retrial in St. louis, he won his freedom
-Supreme Court then overturned the decision on appeal in 1852 and returned Scott to slavery
-supreme court ruled that Africans could not sue BC they are not citizens
-confess lacks power to ban slavery
-rights of slaveowners protected by 5th amendment bs slaves are property

8

Panic of 1857

- a banking crisis that caused a credit crunch in the North; it was less severe in the South, where high cotton prices spurred a quick recovery
-overproduction of Northern wheat, European farmers resumed full-scale wheat production and prices for American wheat fell
-English mills continued to need Southern cotton, price of cotton remained the same

9

Mason-Dixon Line

- a line surveyed by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon between 1763 and 1767 that settled the border between the then colonies of Pennsylvania and Maryland
-divided free and slave states

10

Crittenden Compromise

-a last-ditch effort at a compromise to amend the Constitution to protect slavery in states where it existed- to preserve the Union, Lincoln refused to consider the compromise
-Lincoln did not want to abolish slavery, but he did not want to spread it
-He came to believe that any effort at appeasement would do nothing to control slavery but simply open the door for continuing demands

11

Uncle Tom's Cabin

-Harriet Beecher Stowe
-makes ppl aware of a slave's situation
-story about Uncle Tom (patient and kind slave) and his evil owner, Simon Legree, and Eliza Harris (slave mother who jumps on the ice floes in the Ohio river to escape slave catchers)
-enraged the Southerners who rationalized slavery and Northerners, many of who first saw the nature of slavery through its pages

12

Election of 1860

-Abraham Lincoln, John Breckinridge, Stephen Douglas , John Bell
-Lincoln wins in the Electoral College

13

Fort Sumter

-April 1861
a new federal installation guarding the harbor of Charleston; a symbol of authority in the heart of the Confederacy
-led other states (Virginia) to join Confederacy)

14

Lecompton Constitution

-decreed the vote was only on the clause that would decide whether Kansas would be slave or free.
-pro slavery convention at Lecompton, Kansas
finished fall of 1857