Flashcards in Ch 5 Deck (22)
French and Indian War
-Issue: Control of the Ohio Valley
-Result: British dominance in North America –
-Treaty of Paris 1763
-highlighted the conflict that continued between Indians and white settlers
Proclamation Line of 1763
-settlers couldn't settle past an invisible line near the Appalachian Mts
-British wanted to please Indians and colonists
-Scot Irish frontiersmen and vigilantes, retaliated against Native Americans after the French and Indian War and then marched toward Philadelphia, but stopped because Ben Franklin promised that their issues would be addressed by the colony.
Causes of the American revolution
-John Locke and other french philosophers
-great awakening--> direct challenge to leaders of major protestant denominations (spirit of the revolution)
-Duties on foreign sugar and some luxury items; a companion law provided for stricter enforcement of the Navigation Acts to stop smuggling.
-legal and commercial documents, even playing cards
-Led to the formation of the Sons of Liberty
-The protest created a sense of unity throughout the colonies.
-Stamp Act Congress
-The British imposed new taxes and sent troops to NYC and Boston
-1770: The Boston Massacre
- John Adams defended some of the British soldiers during their trial.
-led to the creation of committees of correspondence to encourage resistance in other colonies.
-Resulted in the Boston Tea Party and the closing of Boston Harbor
-Closed Boston Harbor til the destroyed tea was paid for
-Reduced the power of the Massachusetts legislature while increasing the power of the royal governor
-3.Royal officials accused of crimes were tried in England
-Expansion of the Quartering Act to enable British troops to be quartered in private houses and applied to all colonies
Daughters of Liberty
-a successful Colonial American group, established in the year 1765, that consisted of women who displayed their loyalty by participating in boycotts of British goods following the passage of the Townshend Acts.
- refused to drink British tea and used their skills to weave yarn and wool into cloth, which made America less dependent on British textiles
First Continental Congress
-all but Georgia
-Purpose to determine how the colonies should react to what seemed to pose an alarming threat to their rights and liberties. No desire to be independent at this time.
-: rejected the Intolerable Acts and called for their appeal; Economic boycotts were encouraged as well as military preparations
Declaration of Rights and Grievances
-a petition to the king to restore colonial rights; this recognized Parliament’s authority to regulate commerce
-urged the creation of committees in every town to enforce the economic sanctions of the Sufffolk Resolves
-They called for a second congress to meet in May, 1775
Lexington and Concord on April 18, 1775
-British were trying to seize colonial military supplies
-Paul Revere and William Dawes warned the Minutemen of the approaching British. The British suffered 250 casualties as they marched on to Boston
-June 7, 1775
-solidified the break with England; heavy losses for the British
Second Continental Congress
-Formation of the Continental Army with George Washington as the commander
-“Declaration of the Causes and Necessities for taking Up Arms”
-Influence of Thomas Paine’s Common Sense influenced the desire towards independence
-Summer 1776 “The Committee of Five”
-Adoption of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776
-A year later, Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation as the first national government
Battle of Saratoga
-Resulted in French and Spanish assistance to the war effort(When they became actively involved in the war, in a sense it was a world war.)
-“The Winter at Valley Forge”
-The Ladies Associations sewed thousands of shirts for the soldiers and other women harvest crops from farms of Patriots who were off fighting
Battle of Yorktown