Ch. 7 Flashcards Preview

APUSH > Ch. 7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 7 Deck (18)
Loading flashcards...
1

Bill of Rights

-James Madison
- first 10 amendments
-guaranteed citizens important rights under a federal gov

2

Bank of the United States

-Hamilton
- 1781; modeled after the Bank of England; first federal bank
-issued currency and stabilized econ
-used British econ model to build a nation as powerful as Britain
-joint public-private venture→ shareholders were private but it played a key role in guaranteeing and repaying Britain's public debt; it’s paper bank notes were official currency
-make loans= expand credit; investments
-Jefferson didn't like it
-Hamilton justified it through the elastic clause or an implied power

3

Treaty of Greenville

-A treaty agreed to in 1795 in which Native Americans in the Northwest Territory were forced to cede most of the present states of Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin to the U.S.
-The end of the Indian Wars in the Ohio region
-Efforts to survey settlements and create local governments came quickly

4

The Whiskey Rebellion

- was an armed uprising in 1794 by farmers in western PA who attempted to prevent the collection of the excise tax on whiskey that started with modest protests
-Some state legislatures passed resolutions opposing the tax but when these actions were not heeded by the administration, protests escalated quickly
-tar and feather
-GW and army crushed it (he was willing to enforce the law)

5

Citizen Genêt Affair

-New French ambassador, Edmond-Charles Genêt, was undiplomatic
-Commissioned American vessels to attack British shipping(direct violation of Washington’s neutrality policies)
-Purchased munitions for France
-Enlisted volunteers to attack Spanish Florida
-arouse french rev

6

Jay’s Treaty

-Britain agreed to pay compensation for its attacks on shipping
-Did not agree to end ban on neutral shipping to France or pay compensation for earlier American losses
-Promised to remove troops from Mississippi Valley, but U.S. didnt trust them

7

Pinckney's Treaty

-A treaty with Spain that set the border between the U.S. and Spanish Florida farther south and westward to the Mississippi
-Opened the Mississippi River and the port of New Orleans to U.S. Commerce
-Great for farmers and U.S. in general

8

XYZ Affair

-diplomatic incident in 1798 in which Americans were outraged by the demand of the French for a bribe as a condition for negotiating with American diplomats
-French govt. received $10-12 million loan
-Talleyrand paid a bribe of $250,000

9

Quasi-War

- an undeclared war between France and the US
-“Half War”, US began trade embargo with France
-US supported Haiti independence

10

Alien and Sedition Acts

-a series of three acts passed by Congress in 1798 that made it harder for new immigrants to vote and made it a crime to criticize the president or Congress
-To weaken the support of the Democratic-Republicans and silence criticism against the Adams Admin
-Congress passed Naturalization Act and the Alien Friends Act → lengthened time to qualify for citizenship from 5 to 14 years
-Sedition Act passed → targeted newspapers and made it a crime to speak bad against the government

11

Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions

-resolutions written by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison that criticized the Alien and Sedition Acts and asserted the rights of states to declare federal law null and void within a state
-Madison saw it as appropriate protest, both saw it as basic right of the legislature
-Federalists saw it as an attack on basic authority
-First cause of Civil War

12

Jefferson

-promoted a nation of farms and STRICT adherence to the Constitution

13

Hamilton

-favored commercialism and a LOOSE interpretation of the Constitution

14

Federalists

-favored strong central government
-Promoted manufacturing and industry
-Admired the British

15

Democratic Republicans

-state's rights
-promoted agrarianism
-sympathized with French

16

1796 election

-President: John Adams – a Federalist
-Vice President: Thomas Jefferson – a Democratic – Republican

17

Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions or Resolves:

-To effectively nullify the Alien and Sedition Acts

US and France “quasi-war”/Federalist Party favored an official declaration of war against France

18

1800 election

-“TIE” between Jefferson and Burr
-Alexander Hamilton’s role in the tie in the House of Representatives
-Peaceful transfer of power