Flashcards in Ch 3 Deck (18)
The Virginia Company
-1607= sent 105 men to find riches, a shortcut to Asia, and to build settlements in North America, specifically at Jamestown
-Through the leadership of John Smith, the Powhatan did not destroy Jamestown and actually assisted in its early survival.
-1609 – 1610: “The Starving Time”
-marked a shift from trade with the Indians to agriculture based on the hands of English servants and African slaves
the Massachusetts Bay Colony
-lead by John Winthrop
-The group aimed at creating a “City upon a Hill” to serve as a model religious colony
-education and literacy (read Bible)
- banished from.....
-believed in the separation of church and state across Connecticut River
- allowed baptized adults, who didn't experience conversion to have their children baptized bc their parents were church members
-expanded church membership and voting
-established haven for Catholics in Maryland
-freedom of worship for Christians
-cultivated tobacco through the headright system.
-every settler gets 50 acres
-need workers for tobacco farms
-established Pennsylvania as proprietary colony and as a safe haven for Quakers in 1682.
-Quakers have no formal clergy, equal rights for women and are pacifists.
-established by Charles II to reward his supporters and as a buffer between Spanish Florida
south= rice plantation owners
-was founded by James Oglethorpe as a second-chance colony for debtors in 1733.
-became the buffer state between the English colonies and Spanish Florida.
-1620; to NE
-due to civil wars in England
King Phillip’s War
-(1675-1676) marked the last major effort by the Native Americans of southern New England to drive out the English settlers
-Virginia in 1675
-conflict between Native Americans and farmers in the Back Country led by Nathaniel Bacon
-not supported by the Governor William Berkeley
- led to the use of more slave labor instead of indentured servants
-Settlements in Quebec and Montreal – “New France”
-Constant threat from English-allied Iroquois.
Marquette and Joliet
-1670s; discover Chicago
-travelled along the Mississippi River and named the mouth of the river Louisiana(King Louis XVI)