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Flashcards in Ch 3 Deck (18)
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1

The Virginia Company

-1607= sent 105 men to find riches, a shortcut to Asia, and to build settlements in North America, specifically at Jamestown
-Through the leadership of John Smith, the Powhatan did not destroy Jamestown and actually assisted in its early survival.
-1609 – 1610: “The Starving Time”

2

tobacco

-cash crop
-marked a shift from trade with the Indians to agriculture based on the hands of English servants and African slaves

3

the Massachusetts Bay Colony

-Puritans
-lead by John Winthrop
-The group aimed at creating a “City upon a Hill” to serve as a model religious colony
-education and literacy (read Bible)

4

Roger Williams

- banished from.....
-believed in the separation of church and state across Connecticut River

5

Ann Hutchinson

banished

6

Halfway Covenant

-1662; NE
- allowed baptized adults, who didn't experience conversion to have their children baptized bc their parents were church members
-expanded church membership and voting

7

George Calvert

-established haven for Catholics in Maryland
-freedom of worship for Christians
-cultivated tobacco through the headright system.

8

headright system

-1618 Jamestown
-every settler gets 50 acres
-attracts colonists
-need workers for tobacco farms

9

William Penn

-established Pennsylvania as proprietary colony and as a safe haven for Quakers in 1682.
-Quakers have no formal clergy, equal rights for women and are pacifists.

10

Carolina

-established by Charles II to reward his supporters and as a buffer between Spanish Florida
-north= farmers
south= rice plantation owners

11

Georgia

-was founded by James Oglethorpe as a second-chance colony for debtors in 1733.
-became the buffer state between the English colonies and Spanish Florida.

12

Great Migration

-1620; to NE
-due to civil wars in England

13

King Phillip’s War

-(1675-1676) marked the last major effort by the Native Americans of southern New England to drive out the English settlers
-Metacom

14

Bacon's Rebellion

-Virginia in 1675
-conflict between Native Americans and farmers in the Back Country led by Nathaniel Bacon
-not supported by the Governor William Berkeley
- led to the use of more slave labor instead of indentured servants

15

France

-beaver furs
-Settlements in Quebec and Montreal – “New France”
-Constant threat from English-allied Iroquois.

16

Marquette and Joliet

-1670s; discover Chicago

17

La Salle

-travelled along the Mississippi River and named the mouth of the river Louisiana(King Louis XVI)

18

Spain

-controlled Santa Fe
-1680 Pueblo Revolt due to the Spanish “iron hand”
-San Antonio was established to deter a French threat of invading Texas and forts in California(English/Russian threat)