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Flashcards in Respiratory Deck (187)
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61

What are the two histological findings of squamous cell lung cancer?

keratin pearls/whorls

intercellular bridges

62

Which type of lung cancer often arises from the bronchi?

squamous

63

Is small cell lung cancer central or peripheral?

central

64

What are the three PNP products released by small cell lung cancer?

ADH

ACTH

Antibodies to L-type Ca2+ channels (EL)

65

L-myc is implicated during the pathogenesis of what type of lung cancer?

small cell

66

What cell type is small cell lung cancer derived from?

Kulchitsky

67

Is a Large Cell Lung Carcinoma central or peripheral?

peripheral

68

What is the prognosis of Large Cell Lung Carcinoma?

poor

69

What does Large Cell Lung Carcinoma look like on histology?

pleomorphic giant cells

70

Which lung cancer would stain positive for Chromogranin A?

Carcinoid

71

Pancoast tumor can cause what two syndrome?

SVC Syndrome

Horner Syndrome

72

Which bacteria is the most common to superimpose itself on a viral lung infection?

Staph. aureus

73

Lobar pneumonia. Name three bacteria on differential.

S. pneumoniae

Legionella

Klebsiella

74

Legionella pneumonia would be associated with what common source?

aerosolized water

75

What four bacteria are known to cause bronchopneumonia?

S. pneumoniae

S. aureus

H. influenzae

Klebsiella

76

Does interstitial pneumoniae present quickly or indolently?

indoldent

77

Which three bacteria are known to cause Interstitial Pneumoniae?

Mycoplasma

Legionella

Chlamydia

78

What type of pneumoniae do viruses cause?

interstitial

79

What three viruses are known to cause interstitial pneumoniae?

RSV

Influenza

Adenovirus

80

Which three bacteria are implicated in aspiration pneumonia?

Bacteroides

Fusobacterium

Peptococcus

81

Is transudate protein rich or protein poor?

protein poor

82

Would a pleural effusion with transudate or exudate be at an increased risk of infection?

exudate

83

What person does a spontaneous pneumothorax arise in?

tall, thin young man

84

What is the common name for 2nd generation histamine blockers?

"-adine"

85

Why are 2nd generation histamine blockers less sedating?

less penetration into CNS

86

What are the two expectorants?

Guaifensein

N-acetylcysteine

87

What is the antidote for dextromethorphan?

naloxone

88

What receptor does dextromethorphan antagonize?

NMDA

89

What drug functions similarly to salmeterol?

formoterol

90

Does theophylline produce bronchoconstriction or bronchodilation?

dilation