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Flashcards in Respiratory Deck (187)
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1

Which type of pneunomycte proliferates during lung damage?

Type II

2

What is the most important lecithin?

Dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine

3

What week does surfactant production begin? End?

begin = 26

end = 35

4

What does RALS mean?

relation of pulmonary artery to bronchus at right and left side

5

What are the five cause of an O2-Hb right shift?

Cl-

H+

temperature

CO2

23BPG

6

What is the function of nitrites in treating Cyanide poisoning? Purpose of thiosulfate?

nitrites = Hb into Methemoglobin (Fe3+) which binds cyanide

thiosulfate = thiosulfate = water soluble

7

How many mL's of O2 can be bound in one dL?

20.1

8

What does PA mean?

partial pressure of gas in alveolar air

9

What does Pa mean?

partial pressure of gas in pulmonary blood

10

Name an organism that thrives in high O2 of the lung? Where would this organism be found?

TB

apex of lung

11

What is the triad of a fat emboli?

hypoxemia

petechiae

neurological abnormalities

12

What is the test of choice for a PE?

CT pulmonary angiography

13

What is the unique location where lung cancer likes to metastisize?

adrenal glands

14

What is Stewart-Treves Syndrome?

lymphatic malignancy associated with persistent lymphedema

15

What is the hallmark of bronchitis?

hyperplasia of mucus secreting glands in the lung

16

What is the Reid Index? What does the Reid Index have to be to diagnose chronic bronchitis?

thickness of lung glands/total thickness

greater than 50%

17

What type of emphysema is associated with smoking? What lobes?

centriacinar

upper

18

What type of emphysema is associated with α1 anti-Trypsin activity? What lobes?

panacinar

lower

19

What is the hallmark of asthma?

hypertrophy of lung smooth muscle

20

What are the two histological findings of Asthma?

Curschmann spirals

Charcot-Leyden Crystals

21

What are Curshmann Spirals composed of?

mucus plugs with whorls of shed epithelium

22

What are Charcot-Leyden Crystals composed of?

major basic protein from eosinophils

23

What is pulsus paradoxus?

drop in systolic pressure upon inhalation

24

What is Bronchiectasis?

necrotizing infection of bronchi that leads to permanent dilation

25

Name two diseases that cause Bronchiectasis?

Kartagener

Cystic Fibrosis

26

Name an infective disease that causes Bronchiectasis?

Aspergillosis

27

Is sarcoidosis a caseating or noncaseating granuloma?

noncaseating

28

What two lab values would be increased during Sarcoidosis?

ACE and Ca2+

29

What are the three pneumoconioses?

anthracosis

silicosis

asbestosis

30

What four drugs are known to cause lung fibrosis?

busulfan

bleomycin

amiodarone

methotrexate