Flashcards in Respiratory Deck (187)
Which type of pneunomycte proliferates during lung damage?
What is the most important lecithin?
What week does surfactant production begin? End?
begin = 26
end = 35
What does RALS mean?
relation of pulmonary artery to bronchus at right and left side
What are the five cause of an O2-Hb right shift?
What is the function of nitrites in treating Cyanide poisoning? Purpose of thiosulfate?
nitrites = Hb into Methemoglobin (Fe3+) which binds cyanide
thiosulfate = thiosulfate = water soluble
How many mL's of O2 can be bound in one dL?
What does PA mean?
partial pressure of gas in alveolar air
What does Pa mean?
partial pressure of gas in pulmonary blood
Name an organism that thrives in high O2 of the lung? Where would this organism be found?
apex of lung
What is the triad of a fat emboli?
What is the test of choice for a PE?
CT pulmonary angiography
What is the unique location where lung cancer likes to metastisize?
What is Stewart-Treves Syndrome?
lymphatic malignancy associated with persistent lymphedema
What is the hallmark of bronchitis?
hyperplasia of mucus secreting glands in the lung
What is the Reid Index? What does the Reid Index have to be to diagnose chronic bronchitis?
thickness of lung glands/total thickness
greater than 50%
What type of emphysema is associated with smoking? What lobes?
What type of emphysema is associated with α1 anti-Trypsin activity? What lobes?
What is the hallmark of asthma?
hypertrophy of lung smooth muscle
What are the two histological findings of Asthma?
What are Curshmann Spirals composed of?
mucus plugs with whorls of shed epithelium
What are Charcot-Leyden Crystals composed of?
major basic protein from eosinophils
What is pulsus paradoxus?
drop in systolic pressure upon inhalation
What is Bronchiectasis?
necrotizing infection of bronchi that leads to permanent dilation
Name two diseases that cause Bronchiectasis?
Name an infective disease that causes Bronchiectasis?
Is sarcoidosis a caseating or noncaseating granuloma?
What two lab values would be increased during Sarcoidosis?
ACE and Ca2+
What are the three pneumoconioses?