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Flashcards in Bacteriology Deck (261)
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1

Is lipoteichoic acid found in gram-positives or gram-negatives?

positives

2

Lipoteichoic acid induces which two cytokines?

TNF and IL1

3

What is the antigen of Lipid A?

O polysaccharide

4

Which component of LPS induces cytokine production?

Lipid A

5

Which two cytokines does Lipid A induce?

TNF and IL1

6

What two structures does the periplasm separate?

cytoplasmic membrane and outer-membrane

7

Is the periplasm found in gram-positives or gram-negatives?

gram-negatives

8

What enzyme is found in the periplasm?

β-lactamase

9

What is the purpose of the capsule?

prevent phagocytosis

10

What is the only bug that carries a polypeptide capsule? What amino acid?

B. anthracis

D-glutamate

11

Which five bugs stain with Giema?

Chlamydia

Borrelia

Rickettsiae

Trypanosomes

Plasmodium

12

Which three bugs stain with Ziehl-Nielsen?

Nocardia

Mycobacterium

Cryptosporidium

13

Name three bugs that require silver stain?

Legionella

Pneumocystis

H. pylori

14

What is factor V?

NAD+

15

What is factor X?

Hematin

16

What is another name for Thayer Martin?

VPN agar

17

What bug uses Thayer Martin?

Neisseria

18

What is another name for Bordet-Gengou agar?

Potato agar

19

What are the two culture media for C. diphtheriae?

Loffler

Tellurite

20

What is the agar for M. tuberculosis?

Lowenstein Jensen

21

What is the media for M. pneumoniae? Contains what?

Eaton

cholesterol

22

What bacteria can grow on Eosin-Methylene Blue agar?

E. coli

23

What bacteria grow on Charcoal yeast? Supplemented with what two metals?

Legionella

Cysteine and iron

24

What are the three obligate aerobes?

Pseudomonas

Nocardia

M. Tb

25

What are the three Obligate Anaerobes?

Clostridium

Bacteroides

Actinomyces

26

Which class of antibiotics is completely ineffective against anaerobes?

Aminoglycosides

27

What are the three obligate intracellular bacteria?

Rickettsia and Chlamydia and Coxiella

28

Which eight bugs are Facultative Intracellular bugs?

Salmonella

Neisseria

Brucella

Mycobacterium

Listeria

Francisella

Legionella

Yersinia

29

Which bacteria express M-protein? Function?

Group A Strep

evade phagocytosis

30

Which two bacteria inactivate Exotoxin A?

C. diphtheria

P. aeruginosa