Flashcards in Renal Deck (377)
What week does the Pronephros degenerate?
What trimester does the mesonephros function as an interim kidney? Does the mesonephros contribute to the male or female reproductive system?
In what week does the mesonephros develop?
What week does nephrogenesis finish?
What duct is the Ureteric bud developed from?
From what structure to what structure does the Ureteric bud develop into in the adult kidney?
from the collecting duct to the ureter
By what week is the ureteric bud fully canalized?
The metanephric mesenchyme is responsible for the development of from where to where in the adult kidney?
glomerulus to DCT
What structure is the most likely to become obstructed during development? Why?
last to canalize
What are the three causes of Potter Syndrome?
Bilateral renal artery agenesis
posterior urethral valves
What is the O of POTTER Sequence?
What is amnion nodosum? What type of epithelium?
nodules on the amnion
The association of what two structures is defective during Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney?
What two components fill the kidney during dysplastic kidney?
cysts and cartilage
Is dysplastic more common in a bilateral or unilateral pattern?
Do the ureters pass under or over the uterine artery?
Do the ureters pass under or over the ductus deferens?
Does creatinine over-estimate or under-estimate GFR? Why?
small amount of creatinine is secreted
What equation is used to estimate RPF?
What is the equation for Filtration Fraction?
Does low plasma protein increase or decrease the GFR?
What is the normal osmolality of ECF?
What is the equation for filtered load?
At what blood glucose concentration does glucosuria begin to happen?
At what blood glucose concentration do PCT transporters begin to be saturated?
What two metabolites begin to accumulate in the urine during pregnancy?
glucose and amino acids
What is the mode of inheritance for Hartnup Disease?
Which amino acid specifically is underabsorbed during Hartnup Disease?
What are the two locations of defective transporters during Hartnup Disease?
PCT ad enterocytes