Flashcards in Endocrine Deck (254)
What does hyperthyroidism do to warfarin levels?
increase warfarin levels
What does prolactin do to GnRH levels?
inhibit GnRH synthesis
Which hypothalamic hormone increases prolactin levels?
What type of drugs can be used to treat a prolactinoma?
What does prolactin do to dopamine synthesis?
Which cytokine does GH mediate its effects through?
Does GH increase or decrease insulin resistance?
increase insulin resistance
What does glucose do to GH release?
Which nuclei synthesizes ADH?
Which ADH receptor isoform mediates fluid volume?
Which ADH receptor isoform mediates blood pressure?
What drug inhibits desmolase?
What can androstenedione be metabolized into? What enzyme?
How can 21α-Hydroxylase Deficiency be differentiated from 17α-Hydroxylase Deficiency?
17α-Hydroxylase Deficiency would present with hypertension
Would 17α-Hydroxylase Deficiency present with low or high renin?
What hormone causes the hyperplasia during CAH?
Which adrenergic receptor does cortisol increase the synthesis of?
Why does excess cortisol cause abdominal striae?
cortisol decreases fibroblast activity
What does cortisol do to circulating neutrophil levels? Why?
What does cortisol do to mast cells?
blocks histamine release
What does cortisol do to eosinophils?
Which interleukin does cortisol block?
Why does cortisol cause osteoporosis?
blocks osteoblast activity
Which ions does PTH increase the resorption of out of bone?
calcium and phosphate
Where in the kidney does PTH promote the reabsorption of calcium?
Where in the kidney does PTH promote the excretion of phosphate?
What cytokine does PTH up-regulate the synthesis of?
Does RANK-L bind to osteoblasts or osteoclasts?
What does mildly decreased Magesium do to PTH levels?