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Flashcards in Cardiovascular Deck (392)
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211

What type of cardiac pathology would hemochromatosis produce?

restrictive cardiomyopathy

212

What is orthopnea?

shortness of breath when lying flat

213

What is the most common sign of endocarditis?

fever

214

Does S. aureus affect healthy or damaged valves? Quick onset or slow onset?

healthy

quick

215

Does S. viridans affect healthy or damaged valves? Quick onset or slow onset?

damaged

slow

216

According to First Aid, which two bacteria are most likely to cause a blood culture negative endocarditis?

Coxiella burneti

Bartonella species

217

Which bacteria infects prosthetic heart valves?

S. epidermidis

218

What valve is most often affected during endocaditis?

mitral

219

What valve is most often affected during IV induced endocarditis?

tricuspid

220

What specific group of bacteria causes Rheumatic Fever?

Group A β-hemolytic

221

In order, what heart valves are affected by Rheumatic Fever?

mitral > aortic >> tricuspid

222

What type of pathology occurs on the mitral valve early in the progression of Rheumatic Fever?

Mitral regurgitation

223

What type of pathology occurs on the mitral valve late in the progression of Rheumatic Fever?

mitral stenosis

224

What two cell types is rheumatic fever associated with?

Aschoff bodies

Anitschow cells

225

What is an Aschoff Body?

granulomas with giant cells

226

What is an Anitschkow cells? What kind of chromatin in the nucleus?

enlarged macrophages

caterpillar

227

The titer of what antibody can increase during Rheumatic Fever?

ASO

228

What type of pericarditis is caused by Dressler Syndrome?

fibrinous

229

What type of pericarditis is caused by Viral pericarditis?

Serous pericarditis

230

What type of pericarditis is caused by uremia?

fibrinous pericarditis

231

What type of pericarditis is caused by radiation?

fibrinous

232

What type of pericarditis is caused by non-infectious inflammatory diseases?

serous

233

What causes a purulent endocarditis?

bacterial infections

234

What is pulsus paradoxus?

abnormally large decrease in systolic pressure upon inhalation

235

What is Kussmauls Sign?

large increase in JVD upon inspiration

236

What two parts of the aorta are most effected by Syphillis?

aortic root

ascending aortic arch

237

What is aortic insufficiency?

when aortic valve doesnt close tightly

238

What two cancers are known to metastasize to the heart?

lymphoma and melanoma

239

What is the most common cardiac tumor in adults?

myxoma

240

Where is the heart are myxomas most often located?

left atria