Flashcards in Cardiovascular Deck (392)
What type of cardiac pathology would hemochromatosis produce?
What is orthopnea?
shortness of breath when lying flat
What is the most common sign of endocarditis?
Does S. aureus affect healthy or damaged valves? Quick onset or slow onset?
Does S. viridans affect healthy or damaged valves? Quick onset or slow onset?
According to First Aid, which two bacteria are most likely to cause a blood culture negative endocarditis?
Which bacteria infects prosthetic heart valves?
What valve is most often affected during endocaditis?
What valve is most often affected during IV induced endocarditis?
What specific group of bacteria causes Rheumatic Fever?
Group A β-hemolytic
In order, what heart valves are affected by Rheumatic Fever?
mitral > aortic >> tricuspid
What type of pathology occurs on the mitral valve early in the progression of Rheumatic Fever?
What type of pathology occurs on the mitral valve late in the progression of Rheumatic Fever?
What two cell types is rheumatic fever associated with?
What is an Aschoff Body?
granulomas with giant cells
What is an Anitschkow cells? What kind of chromatin in the nucleus?
The titer of what antibody can increase during Rheumatic Fever?
What type of pericarditis is caused by Dressler Syndrome?
What type of pericarditis is caused by Viral pericarditis?
What type of pericarditis is caused by uremia?
What type of pericarditis is caused by radiation?
What type of pericarditis is caused by non-infectious inflammatory diseases?
What causes a purulent endocarditis?
What is pulsus paradoxus?
abnormally large decrease in systolic pressure upon inhalation
What is Kussmauls Sign?
large increase in JVD upon inspiration
What two parts of the aorta are most effected by Syphillis?
ascending aortic arch
What is aortic insufficiency?
when aortic valve doesnt close tightly
What two cancers are known to metastasize to the heart?
lymphoma and melanoma
What is the most common cardiac tumor in adults?