RS: Resource Frontiers - Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Flashcards Preview

AS/A-Level Geography > RS: Resource Frontiers - Arctic National Wildlife Refuge > Flashcards

Flashcards in RS: Resource Frontiers - Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Deck (8)
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1

What resources does the Arctic contain?

Oil, natural gas and minerals

2

Why haven't resources in the Arctic been exploited?

  • Hard to access - more the 80% offshore
  • Challenging environment - cold can put workers at risk
  • Could damage fragile environment
  • Legally protected - ANWR

3

What is ANWR?

What is its purpose?

Created in 1960 to ban dri

4

Who is against drilling in ANWR?

  • Sierra Club
  • Gwich'in Nation - natives of the Arctic

5

Who is for drilling in ANWR?

  • Labour Union - creation of jobs and reduce foreign oil dependency
  • Inupiat People - create jobs for them

6

Where is Alaskan oil currently exploited?

Prudhoe Bay Oilfield

7

What are the advantages of drilling in ANWR?

  • Creates more than 250,000 jobs
  • 9-16billion barrels of oil could be extracted 
  • Decrease dependency on foreign oil + gas
  • Revenue from oil sales to lead to drop in price = economic boom

8

What are the disadvantages of drilling in ANWR?

  • Could be decades before oil leaves the wells - ANWR will have no immediate impact on resource security
  • Female polar bears may abandon dens 
  • Doesn't encourage move to renewable fuel to reduce emissions.