Name a large scale multi-hazardous environment:
The Philippines - group of islands in south-east Asia.
What hazards is the Philippines vulnerable to?
- Volcanoes - near a destructure plate boundary where Philippine plate subducted under Eurasian plate
- Seismic - occur where plate cracked under pressure
- Tropical - roughly 10 a year that develop in Pacific Ocean
Name a volcanic eruption in the Philippines:
Mount Pinatubo, 1991
Name a seismic hazard in the Philippines:
Luzon island earthquake, 1990 - magnitude 7.8
Name a tropical storm that affected the Philippines:
How do communities in the Philippines increase resilience to hazards?
Preparation - widening rivers to lower flood risk, stockpiling food
How has the Philippines changed in disaster policy in recent years?
- Preventing building in high risk areas
- Adapting new + existing buildings to cope with earthquakes
- Embankments to reduce flood risks
- Increasing public awareness
- Monitoring + developing early warning systems
What is Italy vulnerable to?
Why is Italy vulnerable to earthquakes?
Fault lines run north-south to the Apennine mountain range and east-west across centre of Italy.
How did the 2009 earthquake in L'Aquila, Italy affect the social characteristics of the area?
- Historic buildings destroyed and re-built - architechtural changes
- Younger people left to look for work elsewhere
- Attendance at social + religios activities declined
- Ammenities have largely shut as people are reluctant to use them
How did the 2009 earthquake in L'Aquila, Italy affect the economic characteristics?
- University buildings damaged - enrollment declined + economy suffered
- Government plans to reconstruct area = make it a busier, more affluent place
How did the 2009 earthquake in L'Aquila, Italy affect the politcal characteristics?
- Tension between residents and officials over lack of adequate warning systems
- Government blamed for slowness of rebuild
How have the local community responded to the L'Aquila earthquake?