Hazards: Multi-Hazard Environments Flashcards Preview

AS/A-Level Geography > Hazards: Multi-Hazard Environments > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hazards: Multi-Hazard Environments Deck (14)
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Name a large scale multi-hazardous environment:

The Philippines - group of islands in south-east Asia.


What hazards is the Philippines vulnerable to?

  • Volcanoes - near a destructure plate boundary where Philippine plate subducted under Eurasian plate
  • Seismic - occur where plate cracked under pressure
  • Tropical - roughly 10 a year that develop in Pacific Ocean


Name a volcanic eruption in the Philippines:

Mount Pinatubo, 1991


Name a seismic hazard in the Philippines:

Luzon island earthquake, 1990 - magnitude 7.8


Name a tropical storm that affected the Philippines:

Typhoon Xangsane


How do communities in the Philippines increase resilience to hazards?

Preparation - widening rivers to lower flood risk, stockpiling food


How has the Philippines changed in disaster policy in recent years?

  • Preventing building in high risk areas
  • Adapting new + existing buildings to cope with earthquakes
  • Embankments to reduce flood risks
  • Increasing public awareness
  • Monitoring + developing early warning systems


What is Italy vulnerable to?



Why is Italy vulnerable to earthquakes?

Fault lines run north-south to the Apennine mountain range and east-west across centre of Italy.



How did the 2009 earthquake in L'Aquila, Italy affect the social characteristics of the area?

  • Historic buildings destroyed and re-built - architechtural changes
  • Younger people left to look for work elsewhere
  • Attendance at social + religios activities declined
  • Ammenities have largely shut as people are reluctant to use them


How did the 2009 earthquake in L'Aquila, Italy affect the economic characteristics?

  • University buildings damaged - enrollment declined + economy suffered
  • Government plans to reconstruct area = make it a busier, more affluent place


How did the 2009 earthquake in L'Aquila, Italy affect the politcal characteristics?

  • Tension between residents and officials over lack of adequate warning systems
  • Government blamed for slowness of rebuild


How have the local community responded to the L'Aquila earthquake?

  • Some left for new towns + suburbs with lower risk
  • Others reduced risk by making earthquake-resistant homes