Internal factors which shape a place's character.
External factors which shape a place's character, including the relationship to other places and the flows in and out of a place.
Give examples of endogenous factors:
Demographic + economic characteristics
Give examples of exogenous factors:
Relative location to other places.
Flows of investment
How is location an endogenous factor that can affect place?
Places can be characterised by features that are present because of their location.
Eg. a coastal place may be characterised by a port due to its direct proximity to the sea.
How is topography an endogenous factor that can affect place?
Directly = valley areas may be characterised by flat land etc.
Indirectly = affecting land use
How is physical geography an endogenous factor that can affect place?
Directly = eg. characterised by rock type
Indirectly = eg. economic characteristics
What is one of the most important human factors directly defining the character of places?