Give examples of external forces that drive change in places:
Decisions of MNCs
Impacts of international/global institutions
How can governments policies affect the characteristics of a place?
Demographic characteristics, eg. China's one-child policy + France's improved maternity leave conditions and lower taxes.
Cultural characteristics, eg. German government inviting Turkish people to live + work in 60s.
Demographic, economic + social characteristics, eg. Hulme City Challenge Partnership in Manchester aimed at regeneration.
How can the decisions of TNCs affect the characteristics of a place?
Detroit automotive industry - factory closure caused massive job losses, population decline and increased crime.
How can international institutions affect the characteristics of a place?
- Ningbo Countryside Development Project in China.
- Improved social conditions by providing wastewater disposal services to 144 rural villages.