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Flashcards in GS&GG: The UN & IMF Deck (21)
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1

What are the 4 main aims of the UN?

Peace

Human rights

Human/economic development

Climate change

2

What are the 4 main aims of the Paris Agreement?

Reduce CO2 emissions

Halt global temperature increase (max 1.5oC)

Green climate fund (money from HICs --> LICs to help them deal with effects of climate change + implement renewables)

Pledges

3

What is the United Nations?

International organisation dealing with world governance. 

 

4

How many members are there of the UN?

193

5

What are the positives of the UN?

  • MDGs reduced poverty from 47%-->14%
  • Reduced global wars

6

What are the negatives of the UN?

  • Most issues concern LICs but they have limited power.
  • General assembly is not legally binding, but is the only time all members come together.

7

The MGDs reduced poverty from 47% --> 14%.

What is the problem with this figure?

  • Most of the reduction was in Asia not Africa - essentially the poorest remain the poorest. 
  • Doesn''t account for population increase - actual number of those in poverty is roughly the same.

8

What were the MDGs?

Goals set by the UN with 8 anti-poverty targets.

2000 - 2015

9

What are the sustainable development goals?

UN goals that aim to reduce climate change, therefore reducing disaster risk. 

2015-2030

10

What are the positives of the Paris Agreement?

  • 80 pledges
  • Reduces climate change
  • Supports LICs and NICs

11

What are the negatives of the Paris Agreement?

  • USA left
  • Global temps have already risen by 1oC
  • Voluntary
  • Focuses on sources over sinks

12

What are the two main sectors of the UN?

Security Council

General Assembly

13

Describe the UN Security Council:

  • 15 members
  • Legally binding agreements
  • Veto power for certain countries = override decisions

14

Describe the UN General Assembly:

  • Involves all members
  • Not legally binding decisions

15

What is evidence of the UN promoting peace?

  • Sierra Leone = peacekeepers disarmed fighters and built democratic elections
  • FAO negotiated fairer trade agreements between LICs and HICs = agricultural growth in Ghana

16

What is the evidence for the UN failing to promote peace?

  • Security council veto powers are not always sufficient at preventing nations from proceeding = US invasions of Iraq
  • Rwandan genocide - abandoned refugee camp resulting in massacre

17

What are positives of the IMF?

  • Prevents economic crisis - interdependence
  • Loans may prevent econmic instability/poverty

 

 

18

What is a negative of the IMF?

  • Conditions attached to loans
  • Debt repayment often results in decline in public services
  • May cause loss of political sovereignty
  • Voting power based on monetary subscriptions = inequality
  •  

19

Global governance

Regulates global economic and political systems by setting up rules, norms, and laws that countries and companies should follow.

20

Positive of the world bank?

 

  • Promotes economic development 
  • Loans are long term
  • Can be interest free
  • Promotes private businesses/infrastructure

21

Negatives of the world bank?

  •  Loans need to be repaid
  • Projects are top down - do not consider needs of local people
  • Always had American president