What are the 4 main aims of the UN?
What are the 4 main aims of the Paris Agreement?
Reduce CO2 emissions
Halt global temperature increase (max 1.5oC)
Green climate fund (money from HICs --> LICs to help them deal with effects of climate change + implement renewables)
What is the United Nations?
International organisation dealing with world governance.
How many members are there of the UN?
What are the positives of the UN?
- MDGs reduced poverty from 47%-->14%
- Reduced global wars
What are the negatives of the UN?
- Most issues concern LICs but they have limited power.
- General assembly is not legally binding, but is the only time all members come together.
The MGDs reduced poverty from 47% --> 14%.
What is the problem with this figure?
- Most of the reduction was in Asia not Africa - essentially the poorest remain the poorest.
- Doesn''t account for population increase - actual number of those in poverty is roughly the same.
What were the MDGs?
Goals set by the UN with 8 anti-poverty targets.
2000 - 2015
What are the sustainable development goals?
UN goals that aim to reduce climate change, therefore reducing disaster risk.
What are the positives of the Paris Agreement?
- 80 pledges
- Reduces climate change
- Supports LICs and NICs
What are the negatives of the Paris Agreement?
- USA left
- Global temps have already risen by 1oC
- Focuses on sources over sinks
What are the two main sectors of the UN?
Describe the UN Security Council:
- 15 members
- Legally binding agreements
- Veto power for certain countries = override decisions
Describe the UN General Assembly:
- Involves all members
- Not legally binding decisions
What is evidence of the UN promoting peace?
- Sierra Leone = peacekeepers disarmed fighters and built democratic elections
- FAO negotiated fairer trade agreements between LICs and HICs = agricultural growth in Ghana
What is the evidence for the UN failing to promote peace?
- Security council veto powers are not always sufficient at preventing nations from proceeding = US invasions of Iraq
- Rwandan genocide - abandoned refugee camp resulting in massacre
What are positives of the IMF?
- Prevents economic crisis - interdependence
- Loans may prevent econmic instability/poverty
What is a negative of the IMF?
- Conditions attached to loans
- Debt repayment often results in decline in public services
- May cause loss of political sovereignty
- Voting power based on monetary subscriptions = inequality
Regulates global economic and political systems by setting up rules, norms, and laws that countries and companies should follow.
Positive of the world bank?
- Promotes economic development
- Loans are long term
- Can be interest free
- Promotes private businesses/infrastructure
Negatives of the world bank?