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Flashcards in Glossary For Reserach Methods Deck (23)
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1

Define funding body

An organisation that provides funds for a particular purpose e.g. Research funds

2

Define research opportunity

The opportunity of research which can present itself at any time

3

Define informed consent

Permission granted in full knowledge of what the possible consequences could be
E.g. Patient gives it to a doctor before treatment

4

Define confidentiality

Spoken, written or acted in strict privacy, indicating confidence imparting private matters

5

Define methodology

A system of methods used in a particular area of study or activity

6

Define triangulation

Powerful technique that facilitates validation of data through cross verification from 2 or more sources

7

Define aim

A purpose or intention, a desired outcome

8

Define hypothesis

A proposed explanation made on the basis of limited evidence as a starting point for further investigations

9

Define operationalisation

Process of strictly defining variable into measurable factors

10

Define sampling

Statistical method of obtaining representative data or observations from a group

11

Define reliability

When a piece of research is repeated using identical methods and procedures, the results will be exactly the same

12

Define open ended question

Unstructured question in which there is no answer suggested and their answer has to be in his/ her own words

13

Define closed end question

A question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose an answer

14

Define pilot study

A small study conducted in advance of a planned project, specifically to test/adjust the experiment before the final experiment

15

Define validity

When a piece of research produces a true or genuine picture of what something is really like, gets researchers closer to the truth

16

Define interpretivists

They seek to understand social actors meaning and they reject the idea of sociology as a science

17

Define positivists

They believe that society is made up of social facts' that can be studied scientifically to discover laws of cause and effect

18

Define sample

A smaller group selected from the larger survey population to take part in a study

19

Define primary data

Information collected first hand by sociologists themselves for their own research purposes

20

Define secondary data

Information collected not by the sociologist themselves for their own research purposes, but by other people or organisations not always for sociological purposes

21

Define Quantitative data

Information in numerical form (percentages, tables, graphs)

22

Define qualitative data

Information, usually expressed in words, about people's thoughts, feelings, motivations, attitude said and values

23

Define ethics

Issues of right or wrong; moral principles or guidelines