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Sociology AS Level > Glossary For Education > Flashcards

Flashcards in Glossary For Education Deck (118)
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1

Define theory

A system of ideas intended to explain something, a set of principles on which the practice of an activity is based

2

What is anarchy/Anomie

Absence of rules/laws/ values/ norms etc

3

Define culture

The learned shared behaviour of members of a society

4

What does socialisation mean

The process by which we learn the culture of a society

5

Define norm

Something that is usual, typical or standard

6

Define primary socialisation

Informal process through which you learn norms/attitudes/ values- early childhood process

7

Define secondary socialisation

Formal process through you learn the culture of society

8

Define socialisation agencies

People you interact with formally and informally who influence our behaviour

9

Define values

Beliefs that we have about what is important, both to us and to society as a whole

10

Define role

The way someone is expected to behave in a particular situation

11

Define status

The level of respect we are expected to give to a person playing a particular role

12

Define sanctions

Describe anything that encourages people to conform to norms

13

Define ascribed status

A status assigned at birth or assumed involuntarily later in life, that cannot be changed through individual effort or achievement

14

Define achieved status

A status that is acquired as the result of personal accomplishment, serving as a reflection of ability and personal effort

15

Define social order

An arrangement of practices and behaviours on which society's members base their daily lives

16

Define feral child

A neglected child who engages in lawless or anti social behaviour

17

Define social behaviour

How an individual or group acts or reacts to another individual, group or event

18

Define identity

What makes you who you are

19

Define subculture

A group of people within a society who share norms, values, beliefs and attitudes that are in some way different from the mainstream culture

20

Define inequality

Unequal access to opportunities and rewards in society, creating differences between us

21

Define feminism

A sociological perspective and political movement that focuses on women oppression and the struggle to end it

22

Define consensus

Society is based on agreement

23

Define conflict

Society is based on a conflict of interest

24

Define society

A generalise organised group of people (in a community)

25

Define symbolic interactionism

The theory that society is possible because of the shared meanings and social patterns created during social interactions

26

Define patriarchy

A society, system or group in which men dominate women and have the power and authority

27

Define diversity

A range of different things

28

Define ethnicity

Shared culture, which may include heritage, language, religion and more

29

Define functionalism

A theory that views society as a orderly and stable system with inter connected parts designed to meet the needs of individuals in a society

30

Define Marxism

The political and economic theories of Karl Marx, later developed by their followers to form the basis of communism