Flashcards in Functionalism Deck (15)
What view does functionalism take?
Consensus view - society is based on agreement on norms and values
What happens if this view does not occur?
Society will fall into anarchy (lawlessness and normlessness)
What are the 2 socialisation processes and where are they learnt?
PRIMARY - household and family
SECONDARY - education, workplace, media and religion
What is the organic analogy? And how is it linked to society?
Compares the body to society - without certain organs, the body would shut down. Without certain institutions, society will break down
Which sociologists sees education as having 2 functions?
What are those 2 functions?
-creates social solidarity
-teach specialist skills
Which sociologist promotes meritocracy?
What is meritocracy?
Achievement based on merit (equal opportunities)
-how hard you work is how status is gained 'achieved status'
Who sees education as a proving ground?
Davis and Moore
How is education a proving ground?
-proving ground for students to show their ability -> selection and role allocation - identifying who should do what roles
What did Blau and Duncan believe?
Having the 'right' people in the right jobs improves the efficiency of the economy-> improving economic productivity and prosperity
What is the rose tinted view of society that criticises functionalism?
Functionalists only see the good parts of education,
-ignores inequality in education (class, ethnicity, gender)
-inefficiency (wasting money)
How can Durkheim's argument be criticised?
"Specialist skills" function applies to the 'modern economy' of the early 20th century (with a division of labour / fordism)
However, in the contemporary world (postmodern / postfordist / tertiary / service economy)
-more about creating 'dynamic critical thinkers'
How can role allocation be criticised?
Meritocracy = highly skilled individuals should be allocated 'difficult roles'. How do we know these jobs are 'difficult'? They're highly paid...