Flashcards in Chapter 9 Language and Communication Deck (41)
A framing effect in which people make decisions about a current situation based on what they have previously invested in the situation.
The proposal that people choose to take on risk when evaluating potential losses and avoid risks when evaluating potential gains.
Frequency Format Hypothesis
The proposal that our minds evolved to notice how frequently things occur, not how likely they are to occur.
A process of searching for the means or steps to reduce differences between the current situation and the desired goal.
Analogical Problem Solving
Solving a problem by finding a similar problem with a known solution and applying that solution to the current problem.
The tendency to perceive the finctoions of objects as fixed.
A mental activity that consists of organizing information or beliefs into a series of steps to reach conclusions.
Figuring out what to do, or reasoning directed towards action.
Reasoning directed toward arriving at a belief.
People's judgements about whether to accept conclusions depend more on how believable the conclusions are than on whether the arguments are logically valid.