Flashcards in Developmental Psychology Pt. 3 Deck (49)
Time period of adolescence (in numbers)?
11-14 to 18-21.
Time period of adolescence (in words)?
Period of development that begins with the onset of sexual maturity and lasts until the beginning of adulthood.
The bodily changes associated with sexual maturity.
Female accelerated growth rate begins at __ and reaches full height by __._ years of age.
Male accelerated growth rate begins at __ and reaches full height by __._ years of age.
Age of puberty is getting ___.
Several factors why the age of puberty is becoming younger.
Environment, improved diet and health, body fat, and stress hormones.
Primary Sex Characteristics
Bodily structures that are directly involved in reproduction.
Secondary Sex Characteristics
Bodily structures that change dramatically with sexual maturity but that are not directly involved in reproduction.
Example of primary sex characteristics:
Genitalia, as well as menstruation and capacity for ejaculation.
Example of secondary sex characteristics:
Growth of hair in the pubic and underarm regions, lowered voice, muscle development, production of estrogen or testosterone.
Cognitive changes in puberty happen in _ waves of ___ ___.
2, synaptic proliferation.
First wave of synaptic proliferation happens...
At 2 years of age; infancy.
Second wave of synaptic proliferation happens...
At 6-13 years of age; learning and language.
Protection of adolescence; the gap between puberty and adulthood used to be ___, but the contemporary gap has ___.
What was the name of Moffitt's 1993 study?
Storm and Stress of Adolescence.
What did Moffitt's study conclude?
Adolescents are denied a place in adult society, and are compelled to do things that demonstrate their adulthood (smoking, drinking, sex, crime). Establish subculture.
Moffitt concluded that adolescent misbehaviour has more to do with the lack of ___, rather than ___. Moody adolescence...
Experience, misbehaviour, largely a myth.
Refers to the capacity for sexual feelings. Interest does not equal activity.
Sexuality is part of a ___.
Continuum. Bisexuality, asexuality, homosexuality, and heterosexuality are just increments.
Refers to a low or absent sexual attraction to anyone or interest in sexual activity. No desire for a romantic partner or child.
Kissing, fondling, genital contact.
Different cultures, religions, and traditions attempt to control ___ interest and activity.
United States has the highest rate of teen pregnancy and tends to focus on ___ rather than ___ ___.
Abstinence, pregnancy prevention.
Refers to the sex of those to whom one is sexually and romantically attracted.
In western societies, everything is measured against ___.
Refers to a system of attitudes, bias, and discrimination in favour of opposite-sex sexuality and relationships.
Refers to a romantic attraction, sexual attraction, or sexual behaviour between people of opposite sex or gender in the gender binary.
McCreary found that female indigenous lesbian youth were 3 times more likely to be physically assaulted than ___ ___ ___ youth.
Female heterosexual indigenous.