Mental Illness Flashcards Preview

Psych 105 > Mental Illness > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mental Illness Deck (48)
Loading flashcards...
1

Medical Model

The conceptualization of psychological disorders as diseases that, like physical diseases, have biological causes, defined symptoms, and possible cures.

2

Disease

Refers to some deviation from normal body functioning that has undesirable consequences for the affected individual.

3

Diagnosis

Determine nature of the patient's mental disease by assessing symptoms.

4

Symptoms

Behaviours, thoughts, and emotions suggestive of an underlying syndrome.

5

Syndrome

A coherent cluster of symptoms usually due to a single cause.

6

__% of the population will develop a mental disorder.

40.

7

DSM

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.

8

DSM-IV-TR

A classification system that describes the features used to diagnose each recognized mental disorder and indicate how the disorder can be distinguished from similar, other problems.

9

Disorders are classified as if they were a distinct ___.

Illness.

10

In order to be classified a mental disorder, a disorder must contain _ elements of diagnosis.

Three.

11

What are the three elements of diagnosis?

1. Disturbances in behaviour, thoughts, or emotions.
2. Significant personal distress or impairment.
3. Internal dysfunction.

12

Psychological disorders exist along a ___.

Continuum.

13

To help with distinguishing between normal and abnormal, there is a scale called the ___.

GAF (Global Assessment of Functioning).

14

The DSM suffers from complications, because diagnostic categories depend on ___ rather than ___ behaviour.

Interpretation, observable.

15

The DSM suffers from complications, because diagnosis relies on patient ___.

Self-reports.

16

The DSM suffers from complications, because agreement amongst clinicians can vary depending on the ___ ___.

Diagnostic category.

17

The DSM suffers from complications as a result of comorbidity, which is...

The co-occurance of 2 or more disorders in an individual.

18

Causation for mental illness can be ___ or ___.

Internal or external.

19

Internal causation can be ___ or ___.

Biological or psychological.

20

Biological Internal Causation

Genetic influences, biochemical imbalances, and structural abnormalities of the brain.

21

Psychological Internal Causation

Maladaptive learning and coping, cognitive bias, dysfunctional attitudes, and interpersonal problems.

22

Environmental External Causation

Poor socialization, stressful life circumstances, and cultural and social inequalities.

23

Diathesis-Stress Model

A theory that suggests that a person may be predisposed for a mental disorder that remains unexpressed until triggered by stress. However, heritability does not mean destiny.

24

Intervention-Causation Fallacy

Involves the assumption that if a treatment is effective, it must address the cause of the problem. However, you could have just addressed a symptom, not the cause.

25

3 negative consequences of labelling:

Stereotypes, stigma, and seen as a sign of weakness.

26

3 positive consequences of labelling:

Support, shared experience, and treatment.

27

__% of people with diagnosable psychological disorders do not seek treatment.

70.

28

Patients who are admitted to psychiatric hospitals are no more likely to be ___ than normal people in society.

Violent.

29

Label the ___, not the ___.

Disorder, person.

30

Anxiety Disorder

The class of mental disorder in which anxiety is the predominant feature.