Chapter 13 Social Psychology Flashcards Preview

Psych 105 > Chapter 13 Social Psychology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 13 Social Psychology Deck (59)
Loading flashcards...
1

Social Psychology

The study of the causes and consequences of sociality.

2

Aggression

Behaviour whose purpose is to harm another.

3

Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis

A principle stating that animals aggress only when their goals are thwarted.

4

Most reliable predictor of aggression is ___.

Gender.

5

Variation over time and geography shows that ___ can play a role in aggression.

Culture.

6

Cooperation

Behaviour by two or more individuals that leads to mutual benefit.

7

Group

A collection of people who have something in common that distinguishes them from others.

8

Prejudice

A positive or negative evaluation of another person based on group membership.

9

Discrimination

Positive or negative behaviour toward another person based on their group membership.

10

The Prisoner's Dilemma Game

Cooperation vs. Noncooperation and punishment.

11

The Wason Card-Selection Task

Ability to detect cheaters that surpasses their capacity for logical reasoning in general.

12

Ultimatum Game

People will pay to punish someone who has treated them unfairly.

13

Deindividualism

A phenomenon that occurs when immersion in agroup causes people to become less aware of their individual values.

14

Diffusion of Responsibility

The tendency for individuals to feel diminished responsibility for their actions when they are surrounded by others who are acting in the same way.

15

Altruism

Behaviour that benefits another without benefitting oneself.

16

Kin Selection

The process by which evolution selects for individuals who cooperate with their relatives.

17

Recipricol Altrusim

Behaviour that benefits another with the expectation that those benefits will be returned in the future.

18

___ are more reproductively selective than ___.

Women, men.

19

Mere Exposure Effect

The tendency for liking ton icrease with the frequency of exposure.

20

Three physical factors that may influence attraction:

Body shape, symmetry, age.

21

Passionate Love

An experience involving feeligns of euphoria, intimacy, and intense sexual attraction.

22

Compassionate Love

An experience involving affection, trust, and concern for a partner's well being.

23

Social Exchange

The hypothesis that people remain in relationships only as long as they perceive a favorable ratio of costs to benefits.

24

Comparison Level

The cost-benefit ratio that people believe they deserce or could attain in another relationship.

25

Social Influence

The ability to control another perosn's behaviour.

26

Equity

A state of affairsi n whicih the cost-benefit ratios of two partners are roughly equal.

27

Social Influence

The ability to control another person's behaviour.

28

Hedonic Motive

People are motivated to experience pleasure, not pain.

29

Approval Motive

People are motivated to be accepted, not rejected, by others.

30

Accuracy Motive

People are motivated to believe what is right, and avoid believing what is wrong.