Flashcards in Treatments Deck (60)
Barriers to Treatment
Stigma, belief systems, embarrassment, finances, access to clinics or personnel.
An interaction between a therapist and someone suffering from a psychological problem, with the goal of providing support or relief from the problem.
Treatment that draws on techniques from different forms of therapy, depending on the client and the problem, Allows for flexibility.
A general approach to treatment that explores childhood events and encourages individuals to develop insight into their psychological problems.
Assumes humans are born with aggressive sexual urges, repressed during childhood through defensive mechanisms, and bring repressed conflicts into consciousness.
Free Association in developing insight.
Client reports every thought that enters their mind without censorship or filtering.
Dream Analysis in developing insight.
Dreams are metaphors that symbolize our unconscious conflicts and wishes.
Intepretation in developing insight.
Therapist suggests possible meanings and look for signs that the correct meaning has been identified.
Resistance in developing insight.
A reluctance to cooperate with treatment for fear of confronting unpleasant unconscious material.
An event that occurs in psychoanalysis when the analyst begins to assume a major significance in the client's life, and the client reacts to the analyst based on unconscious childhood fantasies.
Client with a history of abandonment would be negatively affected if the therapist has to change an appointment, as they believe that the therapist has ___ them.
A form of psychotherapy that focuses on helping clients improve current relationships.
A type of therapy that assumes that disordered behaviour is learned and that symptom relief is achieved through changing overt maladaptive behaviours into more constructive behaviours.
Behaviour Therapy is based on ___ and ___ conditioning procedures.
Operant (reinforcement/punishment) and classical (extinction).
Eliminating unwanted behaviour.
Focys on consequences by reinforcing or punishing the events that follow.
Promoting desired behaviour.
Token system gives clients tokens for desired behaviour, that can be traded for reward. However, when positive reinforcement is discontinued, so are behaviours.
An approach to treatment that involves confronting an emotion-arousing stimulus directly and repeatedly, ultimately leading to a decrease in emotional response.
A procedure in which a client relaxes all the muscles in his or her body while imagining being directly in increasingly frightening situations. Habituation and response extinction.
A form of psychotherapy that involves helping a client identify and correct any distorted thinking about self, others, or the world.
A therapeutic approach that teaches clients to question the automatic beliefs, assumptions, and prediction that often lead to negative emotions and to replace negative thinking with more realistic and positive beliefs.
A form of cognitive therapy that teaches an individual to be fully present in each moment, to be aware of his or her thoughts, feelings, and sensations, and to detect symptoms before they become a problem.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
A blend of cognitive and behavioural therapeutic strategies.
CBT can be ___ focused or ___ focused.
Problem focused CBT.
Address specific problems.
Action focused CBT.
Select specific strategies to address specific problems.
Who came up with the Person-Centered Therapy?
An approach to therapy that assumes all individuals have a tendency toward growth and that this growth can be facilitated by acceptance and genuine reactions from the therapist.
Assumes that individuals are qualified enough to determine their own goals for therapy.
3 basic qualities that the therapist must have in Person-Centered Therapy
Congruence, Empathy, and Unconditional positive regard.