Flashcards in Personality Pt. 2 Deck (44)
Distinct early life stages through which personality is formed as children experience sexual pleasures from specific body areas and caregivers redirect or interfere with those pleasures.
What are the psychosexual stages, and when do they occur?
Oral (0-18 monhs), anal (18-36 months), phallic (3-6 years), latency (6-puberty), and genital (puberty onwards).
Laency is somewhat of a ___ phase.
Deprivation or overindulgence in a psychosexual stage leads to ___.
___ stage is associated with the ___ and ___ complex.
Phallic, Oedipus, Electra.
Our outward present ___ is only the tip of the iceberg.
Freud had his patients lie on a couch facing away from him to...
Make them more comfortable telling things to him.
The human motive towards realizing our inner potential.
What did Rogers come up with?
Unconditional Positive Regard.
Unconditional Positive Regard
An attitude of nonjudgemental acceptance towards another person.
When ___ and our ___ do not match, our true nature and capabilities are less happy.
Csikszentmihalyl came up with the idea of...
Flow and peak performance.
Maaslow's ___ of Needs.
A school of thought that regards personality as governed by an individual's ongoing choices and decisions in the context of the realities of life and death.
Responsibility of having to make free choices causes ___.
Engage in Rumination
Superficial answers to deal with the angst.
Security-providing mechanisms can stifle potential for ___ ___.
Morality Salience Studies
Death versus unpleasant experience. When participants have to think about death, it can prompt individuals to become protective of their family, culture, country, and religion.
Social Cognitive Approach
Views personality in terms of how the person thinks about the situation encountered in daily life and behaves in response to them.
The question of whether behaviour is caused more by personality or situational factors.
According to the Person-Situation Controversy, a ___ can trump ___.
According to the Person-Situation Controversy, people may not act the same across time, but are more likely to act the same in similar ___.
Refers to dimensions people use in making sense of their experience.
What did Kelly suggest about personal constructs?
That people view the social world from differing perspectives and that these views arise through the application of personal constructs.
A person's assumptions about the likely consequences of a future behaviour.
Our personality largely reflects the ___ we pursue.
Locus of Control Scale
Beliefs translate into individual differences in emotion and behaviour.
If you have an internal locus of control, you believe that you have/don't have control of your life.
When you have an internal locus of control, you are less/more able to cope with stress.