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1

Personality

Refers to an individual's characteristic style of behaving, thinking, and feeling.

2

In measuring personality, we try and see how and why individuals differ ___.

Psychologically.

3

We can measure personality in two ways; by examining ___ ___ and ___ ___.

Prior events, anticipated events.

4

Prior Events

How prior events (genes) shape an individual.

5

Anticipated Events

How past and present interact.

6

Self-Report

Refers to a series of answers to a questionnaire that asks people to indicate the extent to which sets of statements or adjectives accurately describe their own behaviour or mental state.

7

What does MMPI-2 stand for?

Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory.

8

What is the MMPI-2?

A well researched clinical questionnaire used to assess personality and psychological problems.

9

MMPI-2 is based upon the ___ method.

Actuarial.

10

MMPI-2 has __ main subscales.

10.

11

MMPI-2 measures tendencies towards ___ concerns.

Clinical.

12

MMPI-2 has ___ scales to assess attitudes toward test taking and tendency to distort results.

Validity.

13

Projection Techniques

Consist of a standard series of ambiguous stimuli designed to elicit unique responses that reveal inner aspects of an individual's personality.

14

What is the idea of Projection Techniques based upon?

People will project personality factors unconsciously onto ambiguous stimuli without censoring.

15

Rorschach Inkblot Test

A projective personality test in which individual interpretation of the meaning of a set of unstructured inkblots is analyzed to identify a respondent's inner feelings and interpret his or her personality structure.

16

Thematic Apperception Test

A projective personality test in which respondents reveal underlying motives, concerns, and the way they see the social world through the stories they make up about ambiguous pictures of people.

17

Criticism of Projection Techniques:

There is sparse evidence of predictive value, the tests are open to examiner's subjective interpretation and theoretic bias, and the interpretations could be examiner's own projections.

18

Prior events approach was used by ___ ___.

Gordon Allport.

19

Gordon Allport believed that...

People can be described in terms of traits just as an object can be described in terms of its properties.

20

Trait

Refers to a relatively stable disposition to behave in a particular and consistent way.

21

Anticipated events approach was used by ___ ___.

Henry Murray.

22

Henry Murray suggested that...

Traits reflect motives.

23

Personality represented in language suggests ___ potential traits.

18 000.

24

In personality represented in language, ___ and ___ are at higher levels, making up the core of the personality, while ___ and ___ are at lower levels, making up the rest of personality.

General and abstract, specific and concrete.

25

Cattell came up with the ___ ___ theory of personality

16-factor.

26

Eysenck came up with the ___ ___ theory of personality.

Two-factor.

27

What are the two dimensions of personality in the Two-factor theory of personality?

Extrovert/introvert and emotionally stable/unstable.

28

The Five-Factor Model of Personality is accepted as it accounts for ___ in personality without overlapping traits.

Variation.

29

The Five-Factor Model of Personality is accepted as there have been a large number of ___ conducted on it using different kinds of data.

Studies.

30

The Five-Factor Model of Personality is accepted as it holds across ___ ___. This suggests ___.

Different participants. Universality.