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Flashcards in Social Psychology Deck (68)
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1

Social Psychology

The study of the courses and consequences socially.

2

Ultra-Social groups are characterized by:

Large groups, splitting up of tasks, come together for the benefit of all.

3

Aggression

Behaviour whose purpose is to harm another.

4

Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis

A principle stating that animals aggress only when their goals are thwarted.

5

Example of Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis.

Want oil (goal), oil in another country (frustration), invade country to get oil (aggression).

6

___ feelings and negative ___ lead to increased aggression.

Bad, affect.

7

Young men commit __% of murders and __% of violent crimes.

90, 80.

8

This hormone is correlated with aggression.

Testosterone.

9

___ can provide good and bad examples for aggression.

Culture.

10

Cooperation

Behaviour by two or more individuals that leads to mutual benefit.

11

Group

A collection of people who have something in common that distinguishes them from others.

12

Deindividualization

A phenomenon that occurs when immersion in a group causes people to become less aware of their individual values.

13

Diffusion of Responsibility

The tendency for individuals to feel diminished responsibility for their actions when they are surrounded by others who are acting the same way.

14

Altruism

Behaviour that benefits another without benefitting oneself.

15

Kin Selection

The process by which evolution selects individuals who cooperate with their relatives.

16

Reciprocal Altruism

Behaviour that benefits another with the expectation that those benefits will be returned in the future.

17

Females are more selective with mates for these reasons:

Only have limited number of eggs, physical cost, impacts ability to make a living.

18

Female selectivity decreases with:

Access to contraceptives, reproductive rights, financial independence, and communal child rearing styles.

19

Male selectivity increases with:

A long term relationship.

20

Situational factors in attraction:

Proximity and Mere Exposure Effect.

21

Mere Exposure Effect

The tendency for the liking to increase with the frequency of exposure.

22

Influence of beauty:

More friends, sex, dates, fun, potential attentiveness, social skills.

23

Characteristics associated with attractiveness

Hourglass figure, symmetry, and maturity.

24

People are attracted to competence with a bit of ___.

Incompetence.

25

Probability of marrying before 40 is __% for males and __% for females.

81, 86.

26

Divorce rates ___ after the first marriage.

Increase (50, 67, 73).

27

Two types of love:

Passionate and compassionate.

28

Passionate Love

An experience involves feelings of euphoria, intimacy, and intense sexual attraction.

29

Compassionate Love

An experience that involves affection, trust, and concern for a partner's well being.

30

Social Exchange

The hypothesis that people remain in relationships only as long as they perceive a favorable ratio of costs to benefits.