Flashcards in Stress Deck (62)
The subfield of psychology concerned with ways psychological factors influence the causes and treatment of physical illness and the maintenance of health.
Refers to a theory that physiological response mechanisms, initiated by fear, can precipitate death itself. Fight or flight response.
Specific events or chronic pressures that place demands on a person or threaten the person's well being.
The physical and psychological response to internal and external stressors (real or perceived).
Holmes and Rahe in 1967 observed that...
Major life changes cause stress and that increased stress causes illness.
What does CUSS stand for?
College Undergraduate Stress Scale.
CUSS was developed by?
Renner and Mackin.
What is the purpose of CUSS?
To illustrate life stress and its cumulative nature.
Stressful events can be ___ or ___.
Adaptive or maladaptive.
A source of stress that occurs continuously or repeatedly.
Refers to the study of environmental effects of behaviour and health.
Learning environments close to the airport.
Higher blood pressure and gave up more easily on difficult problems.
Glass and Singer 1972.
Expecting that you will have control over what happens to you has been found to be associated with effectiveness of dealing with stress.
Another way to describe perceived control.
Internal locus of control.
Fight or Flight Response
An emotional and physiological reaction to an emergency that increases readiness for action.
Order for flight or flight response.
Threat, hypothalamus, pituitary gland (ACTH), adrenal gland (epinephrine and norepinephrine), sympathetic increases and parasympathetic decreases.
GAS stands for?
Generalized Adaptation Syndrome.
Generalized Adaptation Syndrome
A three stage physiological stress response that appears regardless of the stressor that is encountered.
Three stages of GAS.
Alarm phase, Resistance phase, and Exhaustion.
The body rapidly mobilizes its resources to respond to a threat.
The body adapts to its high state of arousal to cope with stressors.
If GAS continues for long enough, resistance depletes and causes damage.
A complex response system that protects the body from bacteria, viruses, and other foreign substances.
The study of how immune system responds to psychological variables, such as stressors.
Mouth wounds healed faster ___ than ___.
On vacation than during exams.
Friedman and Rosenman
Identified Type A and C Behaviour Patterns.
Type A Behaviour Pattern
Easily aroused, hostile, impatient, sense of urgency, competitive.