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Flashcards in Stress Deck (62)
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1

Health Psychology

The subfield of psychology concerned with ways psychological factors influence the causes and treatment of physical illness and the maintenance of health.

2

Cannon 1942.

Voodoo Death.

3

Voodoo Death

Refers to a theory that physiological response mechanisms, initiated by fear, can precipitate death itself. Fight or flight response.

4

Stressors

Specific events or chronic pressures that place demands on a person or threaten the person's well being.

5

Stress

The physical and psychological response to internal and external stressors (real or perceived).

6

Holmes and Rahe in 1967 observed that...

Major life changes cause stress and that increased stress causes illness.

7

What does CUSS stand for?

College Undergraduate Stress Scale.

8

CUSS was developed by?

Renner and Mackin.

9

What is the purpose of CUSS?

To illustrate life stress and its cumulative nature.

10

Stressful events can be ___ or ___.

Adaptive or maladaptive.

11

Chronic Stressor

A source of stress that occurs continuously or repeatedly.

12

Environmental Psychology

Refers to the study of environmental effects of behaviour and health.

13

Learning environments close to the airport.

Higher blood pressure and gave up more easily on difficult problems.

14

Glass and Singer 1972.

Perceived Control.

15

Perceived Control

Expecting that you will have control over what happens to you has been found to be associated with effectiveness of dealing with stress.

16

Another way to describe perceived control.

Internal locus of control.

17

Fight or Flight Response

An emotional and physiological reaction to an emergency that increases readiness for action.

18

Order for flight or flight response.

Threat, hypothalamus, pituitary gland (ACTH), adrenal gland (epinephrine and norepinephrine), sympathetic increases and parasympathetic decreases.

19

GAS stands for?

Generalized Adaptation Syndrome.

20

Generalized Adaptation Syndrome

A three stage physiological stress response that appears regardless of the stressor that is encountered.

21

Three stages of GAS.

Alarm phase, Resistance phase, and Exhaustion.

22

Alarm Phase

The body rapidly mobilizes its resources to respond to a threat.

23

Resistance Phase

The body adapts to its high state of arousal to cope with stressors.

24

Exhaustion

If GAS continues for long enough, resistance depletes and causes damage.

25

Immune System

A complex response system that protects the body from bacteria, viruses, and other foreign substances.

26

Psychoneuroimmunology

The study of how immune system responds to psychological variables, such as stressors.

27

Mouth wounds healed faster ___ than ___.

On vacation than during exams.

28

Friedman and Rosenman

Identified Type A and C Behaviour Patterns.

29

Type A Behaviour Pattern

Easily aroused, hostile, impatient, sense of urgency, competitive.

30

Type B Behaviour Pattern

Work steady, enjoy achieving but do not mind losing, reflective and creative.