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Flashcards in Chapter 31 WS Deck (20)
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1

list 5 sites of distant mets of head and neck cancers

lungs
mediastinal lymph nodes
liver
brain
bone

2

which distant mets site is most common

lungs

3

define cancerization

refers to the higher risk of formation of a secondary primary tumor in the same anatomic field of a previous treatment.

4

The middle part of the pharynx that includes the back of the mouth, the base of tongue, and the tonsils are located in what region of the pharynx.

oropharynx

5

the vertebral body associated with the larynx (beginning and end)

C3/4 - C6

6

the vertebral body associated with the cricoid cartilage

C6

7

the vertebral body associated with the first prominent spinous process in the posterior neck

C7

8

the vertebral body associated with the true vocal cords

C4

9

the vertebral body associated with the epiglottis

C3

10

the vertebral body associated with the thyroid cartilage

C4

11

what is another name for the jugulodigastic lymph node

subdigastic node

12

what is another name for the node of rouviere

lateral retropharyngeal node

13

what is another name for the posterior cervical lymph node chain

spinal accessory chain

14

what is another name for the retroauricular node

mastoid node

15

What is the histologic type of most head and neck cancers.

SCC

16

where is the first site of distant spread via blood for nasopharyngeal cancer

bone

17

what is hyperfractionation

Delivering smaller doses per fraction than the conventional dose, but delivered 2-3 times a day, to achieve a higher total dose in the same amount of time.

At our clinical sites you will often see patients treated BID (twice a day). Time between treatments must be at least 6 hours.

18

what is the purpose of a mouth stent/tongue blade (aka bite block)

Separate or displace the palate, sparing it from treatment.

Also may serve to depress the tongue to either place it within the treatment field or to displace it from the treatment field.

19

is the base of tongue and the soft palate considered part of the oral cavity

No, they are located in the Oropharynx. (the anterior 2/3 of tongue and the hard palate are in the oral cavity

20

list the three regions of the pharynx

oropharynx
nasopharynx
hypopharynx