Flashcards in Chapter 31 WS Deck (20)
list 5 sites of distant mets of head and neck cancers
mediastinal lymph nodes
which distant mets site is most common
refers to the higher risk of formation of a secondary primary tumor in the same anatomic field of a previous treatment.
The middle part of the pharynx that includes the back of the mouth, the base of tongue, and the tonsils are located in what region of the pharynx.
the vertebral body associated with the larynx (beginning and end)
C3/4 - C6
the vertebral body associated with the cricoid cartilage
the vertebral body associated with the first prominent spinous process in the posterior neck
the vertebral body associated with the true vocal cords
the vertebral body associated with the epiglottis
the vertebral body associated with the thyroid cartilage
what is another name for the jugulodigastic lymph node
what is another name for the node of rouviere
lateral retropharyngeal node
what is another name for the posterior cervical lymph node chain
spinal accessory chain
what is another name for the retroauricular node
What is the histologic type of most head and neck cancers.
where is the first site of distant spread via blood for nasopharyngeal cancer
what is hyperfractionation
Delivering smaller doses per fraction than the conventional dose, but delivered 2-3 times a day, to achieve a higher total dose in the same amount of time.
At our clinical sites you will often see patients treated BID (twice a day). Time between treatments must be at least 6 hours.
what is the purpose of a mouth stent/tongue blade (aka bite block)
Separate or displace the palate, sparing it from treatment.
Also may serve to depress the tongue to either place it within the treatment field or to displace it from the treatment field.
is the base of tongue and the soft palate considered part of the oral cavity
No, they are located in the Oropharynx. (the anterior 2/3 of tongue and the hard palate are in the oral cavity