Chapter 36 Breast Cancer PP Flashcards Preview

P & P II > Chapter 36 Breast Cancer PP > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 36 Breast Cancer PP Deck (22)
Loading flashcards...
1

breast cancer most commonly mets to

bone, lung, brain, liver

2

Early stage, nonpalpable mass detected on mammogram or ______ palpable mass physically detected

nonpainful

3

clinical presentations of breast cancer

- breast mass
- nipple discharge or retraction
- skin changes (skin gets orange like texture)
- alteration in breast contour
-lymphadenopthy (swollen lymph nodes)

4

Originates in the ductal component of the breast

invasive ductal carcinoma

5

Originates from the glands or lobules of the breast

invasive lobular carcinoma

6

which pathology of breast cancer is most common

invasive ductal carcinoma

7

what are the two staging systems for breast cancer

clical stage and pathologic stage (TNM)

8

_____ age women have worse survival rate

younger

9

which race of women have the worse prognosis

african american

10

refers to the fact that the cancer cells don’t have estrogen or progesterone receptors and also don’t make too much of the protein called HER2.

triple negative breast cancer

11

- Cancer cells have receptors (proteins) for estrogen
- better prognosis (can treat with hormonal therapy)

ER +

12

- Cancer cells have receptors (proteins) for progesterone
- better prognosis (can treat with hormonal therapy)

PR +

13

- overexpression poorer prognosis
- poorly differentiated

HER2

14

removal of tumor with a margin of normal-appearing tissue

lumpectomy (excisional biopsy)

15

removal of a sample of axillary nodes

axillary dissection

16

type of surgery for those with early stage breast cancer, followed by adjuvant radiation therapy

breast conserving surgery

17

type of surgery for patients who are not candidates for breast-conserving surgery

mastectomy

18

breast cancer treatments

radiation therapy, chemo, surgery, hormonal therapies

19

After chemotherapy take _____ for at least __ years for ER+ breast cancer

Tamoxifen

5

20

Minimizes lung or heart tissue in the treatment fields as the breast falls away from the chest wall.

prone treatment

21

whole breast irradiation is typically treated _______ cGy over ________ weeks

4500-5000

4.5-5

22

(beam is parallel to the area being treated) (the beam and the area being treated are facing each other

en face