Ch. 38 Skin Cancer & Melanoma PP Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 38 Skin Cancer & Melanoma PP Deck (50)
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1

what is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy

skin cancer

2

most common type of skin cancer

basal cell carcinoma

3

2nd most common type of skin cancer

SCC

4

what are considered nonmelanomas

BCC and SCC

5

two most lethal skin cancers

melanoma and merkel cell

6

signs to look for

sore that takes longer than 3 weeks to heal
recurrent red patch that is tender or itchy
wart that bleeds or scabs
new growth
change in existing nevus

7

4 main risk factors

geographic location
skin type
multiplicity
gender

8

individuals with _____ complexions are most likely to develop skin cancer

fair

9

melanoma rate are slightly higher in which gender

men

10

at what age does most skin cancer appear

after 50

11

tanning bed produce which type of rays

UVA

12

which rays damage DNA and its repair system

UVB

13

functions of the skin

regulate body temp
acts as a barrier offering protection
production of vitamin D
provides recetors for external stimuli

14

responsible for differences in skin color in individuals

melanin

15

stimulating hormone is released by the pituitary

melanocytes

16

basal cell carcinoma arises in what cells

stratum basale

17

where does most basal cell carcinoma occur

head and neck

18

basal cell carcinoma is fast or slow growing

slow

19

squamous cell carcinoma arises from

upper layers of the epidermis

20

Smooth, red, or milky lumps with a pearly border, multiple telangiectasia, shiny and pale`

basal cell carcinoma

21

scaly, crusty, slightly elevated session that may have a cutaneous horn

squamous cell carcinoma

22

merkel cell carcinoma arise in

merkel cells

23

melanomas aris from

melanocytes located in the strtum basale layter

24

most common site for melaomas from women

legs

25

most common site for melanomas for men

trunk and face

26

Approximately 70% occur as a result of a change in a preexisting nevus(mole)

menanomas

27

ABCD's of melanoma

- Assymerty
-Border
-Color
-Diameter
- Change

28

melanoma staging systems

clark
breslow
TNM modified

29

clark staging system based on

level of invasion through the epidermis and layer of dermis

30

breslow staging system based on

tumor thickness from the top of the granular layer of the epidermis