Ch. 31 Head and Neck Cancer PP Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 31 Head and Neck Cancer PP Deck (51)
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1

6 most common sites affected

oral cavity
pharynx
paransal sinuses
larynx
thyroid gland
salivary glands

2

most common histologic type

SCC

3

incidence rate higher in women or men?

men

4

risk factors

tobacco and alcohol use
UV light exposure
viral infection
occupational exposure
raidaiton exposure
diet
marijuana
dentures
genetics

5

viral infection associated with nasopharynx cancer

epstein barr virus

6

morbidity of treatment ____ and prognosis ____ as the affected area progess ____ from lips to hypopharynx

increases
decrease
backward

7

divisions of the pharynx

nasopharynx
oropharynx
laryngopharynx

8

respiratory tube is located in which portion of the pharynx

nasopharynx

9

gigestive tubes located in which portion (s) of the pharyxn

oropharynx and hypopharynx

10

inferior margin of the nasopharynx

C1

11

oropharynx

C2-C3

12

epiglottis

C3

13

true vocal cords

C4

14

lymphatic drainage is mostly

ipsilateral

15

5 areas where bilateral drainage occurs

soft palate
tonsils
base of tongue
posterior pharyngeal wall
nasopharynx

16

most common histologic type

SCC

17

salivary glands histology

adenocarcinoma

18

two cells that are nondividing but radiosensitive

small lymphocytes and salivary glands

19

what is located in the oral cavity region

anterior 2/3 of the tongue
lip
buccal mucosa
lower alveolar ridge
upper alveolar ridge
retromolar trigone
floor of mouth
hard palate

20

most common histology in oral cavity

SCC

21

2nd lowest incidence of mets in H&N cancer

oral cavity

22

posterior 1/3 portion of the tongue is apart of the

oropharynx

23

locatd behind the mouth from soft palate to level of hyoid bone

oropharynx

24

what is included in the oropharynx

base of tongue
tonsils
soft palate
oropharyngeal walls

25

most common site for oropharynx cancer

tonsils

26

Located from hyoid bone to termination in the esophagus

hypopharynx

27

what is included in the hypopharynx

Pyriform sinuses
postcricoid
lower posterior pharyngeal walls below the base of the tongue

28

most common site for cancer in the phyopharynx for men

pyriform sinus

29

most common site for cancer in the phyopharynx for women

postcricoid

30

Located behind nose, extending from posterior nares to level of soft palate

nasopharynx