Chapter 33 Quiz Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 33 Quiz Deck (24)
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1

what is the most common histological type of colon cancer

adenocarcinoma

2

what is the most histological type of anal cancer

squamous cell carcinoma

3

what is the most comon histological type of esophageal cancers found in the middle to upper part of the esophagus

squamous cell carcinoma

4

what is the most common histological type of esophageal cancer found in the lower (distal) part of the esophagus

adenocarcinoma

5

foods to avoid when being treated with radiation to the pelvis (5)

- fried or fatty foods
- whole grain breads or cereals
- fresh fuit
- milk and milk products
- raw veggies

6

foods to avoid when being reated with radiation to the thorax (4)

- hot and spicy foods
- dry to coarse foods
- nuts
- potatoe chips

7

what is removed in a whipple procedure

- head of the pancreas
- duodenum
- distal stomach
- gallbladder
- common bile duct

8

what type of polyps are most lkely to be malignant

villous adenomas

9

the inner most layer of the bowel is called the ________

mucosa

10

the lower edge of the anal canal that marks the junction of the anal canal and the external hair-bearing skin is call the _____

anal verge

11

which type of surgical procedure is required if the tumor is located in the lower 1/3 of the rectum

abdominaperineal resection

12

which will require the patient to get a colostomy? (abdominalperinea or lower anterior resection)

abdominalperineal resection

13

blood-borne spread to what organ is the most common distant metastasis for colon cancer

liver

14

spread to what organ is the 2nd most common distant metastasis for colon cancer

lung

15

in anal cancer, what two nodal groups are most at risk if the tumor is located above the dentate line

- lateral sacral
- internal iliac

16

in anal cancer, what nodal group is most at risk if the tumor is located below the dentate line

inguinal

17

what vertebral body is associated with the umbilicus

L3-4

18

what vertebral body is associated with the iliac crest

L4/5

19

what vertebral body is associated with the start of the rectum

S3

20

what vertebral body is associated with the cecum

L4

21

what vertebral body is associated with the common iliac nodes

L4

22

what vertebral body is associated with the bifuration of abdominal aorta

L4

23

what vertebral body is associated with the spleen

T10/T11

24

the perineum must be included in the radiation therapy treatment field for patient who had this type of surgery

abdominalperineal resection

-to decrease the risk of perineal recurrence secondary to tumor implantation at the time of surgery