Chapter 30 Respiratory System Tumors PP Flashcards Preview

P & P II > Chapter 30 Respiratory System Tumors PP > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 30 Respiratory System Tumors PP Deck (43)
Loading flashcards...
1

what does the lower respiratory system include

trachea and lungs

2

what does the upper respiratory sytem include

nose, pharynx, and larynx

3

signs and symptoms for local disease

weight loss and blood in sputum when cough

4

sign and symptoms of regional disease

pain, coughing, dyspnea, dysphagia, facial, neck and arm edema, orthopnea, hoarseness

5

signs and symptoms of systemic disease

weight loss, anemia, and fatigue

6

when mass grows into surrounding structures it is known as

local disease

7

lymphatic spread to nearby lymph nodes

regional disease

8

distant spread via circulatory system with hematogenous spread

systemic disease

9

lung cancer is the ___ most common type of cancer in both men and women

2nd

10

lung cancer is the _____ cause of cancer related deaths in both men and women

leading

11

what is the most common cause of lung cancer

tobacco exposure

12

what is the average age of diagnosis for lung cancer

65 or older

13

____% of all cancer related deaths are associated with smoking tobacco

30

14

Spouses of smokers have a ___% greater risk of developing lung cancer compared with nonsmokers

30

15

Individuals at high risk for Lung cancer due to tobacco consumption may now qualify for ________

low-dose CT screening

16

Approx. ____% of the natural history of the disease has already occurred at the time of the chest x-ray

75

17

what is the principle method of lung cancer detection

chest xray

18

Used to determine if lesions are benign or malignant based on metabolic activity

PET scan

19

Pulmonary function studies to determine a patient’s ability to withstand various types of treatment

laboratory studies

20

Serum Calcium: Elevation is indicative of

osseos disease

21

Alkaline phosphatase, LDH, and SGOT leveLs may indicate ___ or ___ involvement

liver or bone

22

Tumor histology is most frequently obtained through a

fiberoptic bronchoscopy

23

where is mesothelioma most commonly found

mesothelium of the pleura

24

what are the routes of spread for lower respiratory tumors

direct extension, lymphatics, blood

25

most common site for metastasis for lower respiratory tumors

Cervical lymph nodes, liver, brain, bones, adrenal glands, kidneys, contralateral lung

26

treatments for lower respiratory tumors

surgery, chemo, and radiation

27

Individuals with advanced intrathoracic disease, extrathoracic extension, a Karnofsky score below ____, or weight loss greater than __% rarely survive longer than 2 years regardless of therapy.

70, 5

28

the ____________ performance status scores ____

eastern cooperative oncology group, 0-5

29

for the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status what scores are most likely to survive and which are less likely?

0 to 1

3 or 4

30

what dose response consistency is related to a higher incidence of lung cancers

- Increased duration of smoking
- Increased use of unfiltered cigarettes
- Increased number of cigarettes consumed