Chapter 27 Quiz Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 27 Quiz Deck (16)
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1

most metastatic bone disease occurs in the _____ and ______

spine and pelvis

2

the main shaft of the bone is the

diaphysis

3

where are the two most common locations for primary bone tumors?

why?

proximal tibia & distal femur

because they both possess large growth plates

4

which of the following is a radiation therapy emergency related to bone cancer or bone metastasis

spinal cord compression

5

osteosarcomas are (radioresistant/radiosensitive)

radioresistant

6

what are the two treatments of choice for multiple myeloma

radiation and chemo

7

the incidence rate of bone cancer is highest during what period

adolescence

8

a nonosseous malignant tumor of the marrow is a/an

multiple myeloma

9

a bone lesion that results from primary sites elsewhere in the body is a/an

metastatic tumor

10

_________ is commonly used to treat metastatic bone disease that results from primary prostate or breast cancer

strontium 89

11

the rationale for leaving a 1 cm to 3cm strip of skin and soft tissue rather than total circumferential irradiation of an extremity being treated for soft tissue sarcoma is that it

avoids future excessive fibrosis and edmea

to avoid lymphedema (want to maintain lymphatic drainage)

12

advantages of preoperative radiation therapy for soft tissue sarcomas include

possibility of less agressive surgery because of tumor regression

13

the most common site of metastasis from primary bone cancer is

lung

14

chondrosarcomas are ____ (chemoresistant/chemosensitive)

chemoresistant

15

osteoblastic lesions will appear ___ on a radiograph

brighter

16

the most common site of primary bone sarcoma is what part of a bone

epiphysis